writers

by jgcorrea | created - 3 months ago | updated - 3 months ago | Public

1. J. Guimarães Rosa

Writer | A Hora e Vez de Augusto Matraga

One of the most important figures in Brazilian literature, João Guimarães Rosa was born on 27 June 1908 in Minas Gerais. Medical doctor and diplomat (serving in Hamburg, Germany as an assistant-consul), Rosa is best known for his literary works in several novels and short-stories, some of them even...

2. Machado de Assis

Writer | Esse Rio Que Eu Amo

Founder and first president of Academia Brasileira de Letras. At 16 he published his first poem, "Ela", in "Marmota Fluminense" magazine. In 1858, he started to write for newspapers.

His novels can be divided in Romantic and Realistic periods.

In the Romantic period, he wrote: "Ressurreição" (1872), ...

3. Luís Vaz de Camões

Writer | A Comédia de Deus

He lived in Lisbon, Coimbra, Macau, Mozambique, Goa and in the north of Africa.

4. Fernando Pessoa

Writer | Cinq et la peau

He had some fictitious names. The most famous are Ricardo Reis, Alberto Caeiro and Álvaro de Campos.

5. Carlos Drummond de Andrade

Writer | Enigma para Demônios

Carlos Drummond de Andrade was born on October 31, 1902 in Itabira, Minas Gerais, Brazil. He was a writer, known for Enigma para Demônios (1975), The Priest and the Girl (1966) and Crônica da Cidade Amada (1965). He was married to Dolores Dutra de Morais. He died on August 17, 1987 in ...

7. Manuel Bandeira

Soundtrack | O Som ao Redor

Manuel Bandeira was born on April 19, 1886 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil as Manuel Carneiro de Sousa Bandeira Filho. He died on October 13, 1968 in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

8. Nelson Rodrigues

Writer | Gêmeas

Nelson Rodrigues was born on August 23, 1912 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. He was a writer and producer, known for Gêmeas (1999), O Homem Proibido (1982) and Os Sete Gatinhos (1980). He was married to Lucia Cruz Lima, Yolanda Camejo dos Santos and Elza Bretanha. He died on December 21, 1980 ...

9. Jorge Amado

Writer | Gabriela

Jorge Amado was born on August 10, 1912 in Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil. He was a writer, known for Gabriela (1975), The Sandpit Generals (1971) and Tieta (1989). He was married to Zélia Gattai and Matilde Garcia Rosa. He died on August 6, 2001 in Salvador, Bahia.

10. Eça de Queirós

Writer | O Mistério da Estrada de Sintra

Novelist committed to social reform who introduced Naturalism and Realism to Portugal. He is often considered to be the greatest Portuguese novelist, certainly the leading 19th-century Portuguese novelist whose fame was international. The son of a prominent magistrate, Eça de Queiroz spent his ...

11. Graciliano Ramos

Writer | Vidas Secas

Graciliano Ramos was born on October 27, 1892 in Quebrangulo, Alagoas, Brazil as Graciliano Ramos de Oliveira. He was a writer, known for Barren Lives (1963), Insônia (1980) and São Bernardo (1972). He was married to Heloísa Leite de Oliveira and Maria Augusta de Barros. He died on ...

12. Clarice Lispector

Writer | Estrela Nua

Clarice Lispector was born on December 10, 1920 in Chechelnik, Podolia Governorate [now Chechelnyk, Vinnytsia Oblast], Ukraine as Haia Pinkhasovna Lispector. She was a writer, known for Estrela Nua (1984), O Corpo (1991) and Hour of the Star (1985). She was married to Maury Gurgel Valente. She died...

13. Monteiro Lobato

Writer | Jeca Tatu

Monteiro Lobato is considered the most important Brazilian writer on literature for children.

He also wrote books for adults. Their subject was mainly social and economic problems on his country.

Birthname was José Renato Monteiro Lobato. It is common knowledge that he adopted "José Bento Monteiro ...

16. Mário de Andrade

Writer | Sambizanga

Mário de Andrade was born on October 9, 1893 in São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil as Mário Raul de Morais Andrade. He was a writer, known for Sambizanga (1972), Macunaima (1969) and Exu-Piá, Coração de Macunaíma (1986). He died on February 25, 1945 in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

17. João Cabral de Melo Neto

Writer | Morte e Vida Severina

Was a diplomat, a writer and a poet.

20. Vinicius de Moraes

Soundtrack | V for Vendetta

Vinicius de Moraes was born on October 19, 1913 in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil as Marcus Vinicius da Cruz de Mello Moraes. He was a composer, known for V for Vendetta (2005), The Nice Guys (2016) and Sneakers (1992). He was married to Gilda Quirós Mattoso, Marta Ibáñez, Gessi Gesse, ...

23. Alphonsus de Guimarães Filho

Writer | O Seminarista

Alphonsus de Guimarães Filho was born on June 3, 1918 in Mariana, Minas Gerais, Brazil. He was a writer, known for O Seminarista (1977) and Poeta de Sete Faces (2002). He died on August 28, 2008 in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

24. Haroldo de Campos

Soundtrack | Cordel Encantado

Haroldo de Campos was born on August 19, 1929 in São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil as Haroldo Eurico Browne de Campos. He was an actor and writer, known for The Enchanted Tale (2011), À Meia Noite com Glauber Rocha (1997) and Sermões - A História de Antônio Vieira (1989). He ...

25. José Lino Grunewald

Writer | O Mandarim

José Lino Grunewald is an actor and writer, known for The Mandarin (1995), In the Devil's Throat (1960) and O Gigante da América (1978).

26. Antonio Muniz Vianna

Panorama do Cinema Brasileiro

Founded the "Círculo de Estudos Cinematográficos" (Circle of Cinematographic Studies), an important cine club in Brazil, with discussions opened to the general public.

27. Oswald de Andrade

Writer | O Rei da Vela

Was graduated in Law.

28. Ferreira Gullar

Writer | Araponga

Ferreira Gullar was born on September 10, 1930 in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil as José Ribamar Ferreira. He was a writer and actor, known for Araponga (1990), Irmãos Coragem (1995) and Dona Flor and Her 2 Husbands (1998). He was married to Claudia Ahinsa and Theresa Aragon. He died on December...

29. Dias Gomes

Writer | O Bem-Amado

Dias Gomes was born on October 19, 1922 in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil as Alfredo de Freitas Dias Gomes. He is known for his work on O Bem-Amado (1973), Bandeira 2 (1971) and Roque Santeiro (1985). He was married to Bernadeth Lyzio and Janete Clair. He died on May 18, 1999 in São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

30. Millor Fernandes

Writer | Terra Estrangeira

Millor Fernandes was born on August 16, 1923 in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He was a writer and actor, known for Foreign Land (1995), Esse Rio Que Eu Amo (1962) and Amor Para Três (1958). He died on March 28, 2012 in Rio de Janeiro.

32. Camilo Castelo Branco

Writer | Amor de Perdição

Was a writer. His most famous book is "Amor de Perdição".

34. Carlos Heitor Cony

Writer | Marina

Carlos Heitor Cony was born on March 14, 1926 in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He was a writer and actor, known for Marina (1980), Kananga do Japão (1989) and Dona Beija (1986). He was married to Beatriz Lajta and Maria Zélia Machado Velho. He died on January 5, 2018 in Rio de ...

37. Erico Verissimo

Writer | Olhai os Lírios do Campo

Son of Sebastião Verissimo da Fonseca and Abegahy Lopes (died in 1963). They split in 1922.

40. Mário de Sá-Carneiro

Writer | Retrato de Família

Son of Carlos Augusto de Sá Carneiro and Águeda Maria Peres Murinello.

41. Rubem Braga

Writer | Os Bandeirantes

Rubem Braga was born on January 12, 1913 in Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Espírito Santo, Brazil. He was a writer and actor, known for The Pioneers (1960), Crônica à Beira do Rio (1980) and Marília e Marina (1976). He was married to Zora Seljan Braga. He died on December 19, 1990 in ...

42. Fernando Pedreira

O Saci

Ex-son-in-law of Maria do Carmo de Mello Franco and José Thomaz Nabuco.

43. Noel Rosa

Soundtrack | Madame Satã

Noel Rosa was born on December 11, 1910 in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil as Noel de Medeiros Rosa. He was married to Lindaura. He died on May 4, 1937 in Rio de Janeiro.

44. Sinhô

Music_department | O Mandarim

50. Glória Perez

Writer | A Força do Querer

Glória Perez was born on September 25, 1948 in Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil as Gloria Maria Ferrante Perez. She is a writer and producer, known for Edge of Desire (2017), India: A Love Story (2009) and The Clone (2001). She was previously married to Luís Carlos Perez.

51. Abilio Pereira de Almeida

Producer | Ângela

Abilio Pereira de Almeida was born on February 26, 1906 in São Paulo, Brazil. He was a writer and producer, known for Ângela (1951), Sai da Frente (1952) and Nadando em Dinheiro (1952). He died on May 11, 1977 in São Paulo.

52. Lauro César Muniz

Writer | Poder Paralelo

Father of actresses Marcella Muniz (b. 1966) and Fernanda Muniz (b. 1967).

53. Rubem Fonseca

Writer | O Homem do Ano

In 2003 he won Camões Award, one of the most important awards for writers of Portuguese language.

54. Paulo Emílio Sales Gomes

Writer | Ao Sul do Meu Corpo

Paulo Emílio Sales Gomes was born in 1916. He was a writer and actor, known for Ao Sul do Meu Corpo (1982), Duas Vezes com Helena (2000) and Memória de Helena (1969). He was married to Lygia Fagundes Telles. He died on September 9, 1977.

55. Gilberto Freyre

Writer | Inventário de um Feudalismo Cultural

Gilberto Freyre was born on March 15, 1900 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. He was a writer, known for Inventário de um Feudalismo Cultural (1978), Casa-Grande e Senzala (2000) and O Mestre de Apipucos (1959). He was married to Maria Magdalena Guedes Pereira. He died on July 18, 1987 in Recife.

56. Vilém Flusser

Self | Schlagworte-Schlagbilder. Ein Gespräch mit Vilem Flusser

Vilém Flusser was born on May 12, 1920 in Prague, Czechoslovakia. He died on November 27, 1991 in Czechoslovakia [now Czech Republic].

57. Diogo Mainardi

Writer | Mater Dei

Diogo Mainardi is a writer and producer, known for Mater Dei (2000), 16060 (1995) and Caro Francis (2010).

58. José Lins do Rego

Writer | Pureza

José Lins do Rego lived his early years in a sugar cane farm owned by his family. This background was the strongest pillar of his work. He was born on the 3rd June 1901 in Pilar, a small city in Paraíba, northeastern state of Brazil. He studied in Pilar, Itabaiana, João Pessoa and then Recife, ...

61. Arthur Schnitzler

Writer | Eyes Wide Shut

Arthur Schnitzler was born on May 15, 1862 in Vienna, Austrian Empire. He was a writer, known for Eyes Wide Shut (1999), The Affairs of Anatol (1921) and Il cavaliere, la morte e il diavolo (1983). He was married to Olga Gussmann. He died on October 21, 1931 in Vienna, Austria.

62. Homer

Writer | Troy

Homer is the name traditionally ascribed to the brilliant Greek bard that authored, most notably, the Iliad and the Odyssey (Western civilization's first complete stories). Nothing concrete is known of his life, but he is traditionally thought to be blind and was probably born in either Chios or ...

63. Émile Zola

Writer | Bakjwi

Émile Zola was born on April 2, 1840, in Paris, France. His father was an Italian engineer. Young Zola studied at the Collége Bourbon in Provence, where his schoolmate and friend was Paul Cezanne. In 1858 Zola returned to Paris and became a student at the Lycée Saint-Louis, from which he graduated ...

64. Guy de Maupassant

Writer | Masculin féminin

Guy de Maupassant was born on August 5, 1850 in Château de Miromesnil, France as Henry-René-Albert-Guy de Maupassant. He was a writer, known for Masculin Féminin (1966), Ce cochon de Morin (1924) and The Woman Disputed (1928). He died on July 6, 1893 in Paris, France.

65. Alexander Pushkin

Soundtrack | Florence Foster Jenkins

Born to noble parents (his father Sergei was a retired major, and his mother, Nadezhda, was the granddaughter of an ennobled Ethiopian general) on the 26th of May, 1799 in Moscow, Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin became involved with a liberal underground revolutionary group that saw him exiled to the ...

67. Italo Svevo

Writer | Senilità

Svevo worked as a bank clerk, and, after marrying Lidia Veneziani, he directed her father's factory, which supplied a special naval paint. He was much more successful as a businessman than as a writer at the time, his scripts being totally neglected. His fame came when he was over sixty, thanks to ...

68. Friedrich Schiller

Writer | Captain Z-Ro

Friedrich Schiller was born on Nov. 10, 1759, in Marbach, Germany. His father was an army doctor. Growing up in a very poor environment, Schiller eventually managed to get the support of a wealthy duke that enabled him to study medicine. He served as a military doctor first, but through the efforts...

69. Jacques Prévert

Writer | Les enfants du paradis

Jacques Prévert was born on February 4, 1900 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Seine [now Hauts-de-Seine], France as Jacques André Marie Prévert. He was a writer, known for Children of Paradise (1945), Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil (1997) and High Crimes (2002). He was married to Janine Tricotet and ...

70. Georges Bernanos

Writer | Journal d'un curé de campagne

Major French catholic writer.

71. Luigi Illica

Soundtrack | Deep Impact

At an early age he ran away to sea; in 1876 he fought against the Turks. Three years later he settled in Milan and became well known in literary circles.

72. Erico Verissimo

Writer | Olhai os Lírios do Campo

Son of Sebastião Verissimo da Fonseca and Abegahy Lopes (died in 1963). They split in 1922.

73. Honoré de Balzac

Writer | The Conquering Power

Honoré de Balzac was a French writer whose works have been made into films, such as, Cousin Bette (1998) starring Jessica Lange, and television serials, such as, _Cousin Bette (1971 TV mini-series)_, starring Margaret Tyzack and Helen Mirren.

He was born on March 20, 1799, in Tours, France. His ...

74. Françoise Sagan

Writer | Les fougères bleues

Françoise Sagan was born on June 21, 1935 in Cajarc, Lot, France as Françoise Quoirez. She was a writer and actress, known for Les fougères bleues (1977), Bonjour Tristesse (1958) and Goodbye Again (1961). She was married to Robert Westhoff and Guy Schoeller. She died on September 24, 2004 ...

75. Sophocles

Writer | Die Antigone des Sophokles nach der Hölderlinschen Übertragung für die Bühne bearbeitet von Brecht 1948 (Suhrkamp Verlag)

Versatile Greek poet and tragic dramatist. He was the son of Sophilus, a wealthy arms manufacturer. Sophocles studied tragedy under Aeschylus, whom he subsequently defeated in the dramatic festival of 468 BC, thus gaining his first victory at these competitions. He became a general under Nicias and...

76. Sigrid Undset

Writer | Kristin Lavransdatter

Was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928.

77. Pierre Drieu La Rochelle

Writer | Le feu follet

When Antone de Saint-Exupéry was about to leave Vichy to go to America during WW2 he had to go to Paris to collect some papers. He accepted a ride (his last visit to Paris) from Drieu La Rochelle not know he was one of the most notorious literary collaborators. Drieu La Rochelle was so compromised ...

78. J. Guimarães Rosa

Writer | A Hora e Vez de Augusto Matraga

One of the most important figures in Brazilian literature, João Guimarães Rosa was born on 27 June 1908 in Minas Gerais. Medical doctor and diplomat (serving in Hamburg, Germany as an assistant-consul), Rosa is best known for his literary works in several novels and short-stories, some of them even...

79. Dias Gomes

Writer | O Bem-Amado

Dias Gomes was born on October 19, 1922 in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil as Alfredo de Freitas Dias Gomes. He is known for his work on O Bem-Amado (1973), Bandeira 2 (1971) and Roque Santeiro (1985). He was married to Bernadeth Lyzio and Janete Clair. He died on May 18, 1999 in São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

81. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Soundtrack | Valkyrie

Johann Wolfgang Goethe was born on 28 August 1749 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany as son of a lawyer. After growing up in a privileged upper middle class family, he studied law in Leipzig from 1765 to 1768, although he was more interested in literature. As he was seriously ill, he had to interrupt ...

82. Felice Romani

Soundtrack | Match Point

Felice Romani was born on January 31, 1788 in Genoa, Republic of Genoa. He was a writer, known for Match Point (2005), All About Steve (2009) and Two Lovers (2008). He was married to Emilia Branca. He died on January 28, 1865 in Moneglia, Liguria, Italy.

83. Victor Hugo

Writer | Les Misérables

Although Hugo was fascinated by poems from childhood on, he spent some time on the polytechnic university of Paris until he dedicated all his work to literature. He was one of the few authors who were allowed to reach popularity during lifetime and one of the leaders of French romance.

After the ...

84. Ryûnosuke Akutagawa

Writer | Rashômon

Ryûnosuke Akutagawa was born on March 1, 1892 in Tokyo, Japan. He was a writer, known for Rashomon (1950), Iron Maze (1991) and Bijo to touzoku (1952). He was married to Tsukamoto Fumi. He died on July 24, 1927 in Tokyo.

85. Eça de Queirós

Writer | O Mistério da Estrada de Sintra

Novelist committed to social reform who introduced Naturalism and Realism to Portugal. He is often considered to be the greatest Portuguese novelist, certainly the leading 19th-century Portuguese novelist whose fame was international. The son of a prominent magistrate, Eça de Queiroz spent his ...

86. Georges Simenon

Writer | Maigret tend un piège

Georges Simenon was born on February 13, 1903 in Liège, Wallonia, Belgium as Georges Joseph Christian Simenon. He is known for his work on Inspector Maigret (1958), The Man on the Eiffel Tower (1949) and La veuve Couderc (1971). He was married to Denyse Ouimet and Régine "Tigy" Renchon. He died on ...

87. Wajdi Mouawad

Writer | Littoral

Wajdi Mouawad is a writer and director, known for Tideline (2004), Incendies (2010) and Still Burning (2016).

88. Fernando Pessoa

Writer | Cinq et la peau

He had some fictitious names. The most famous are Ricardo Reis, Alberto Caeiro and Álvaro de Campos.

89. Fyodor Dostoevsky

Writer | The Double

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was born on November 11, 1821, in Moscow, Russia. He was the second of seven children of Mikhail Andreevich and Maria Dostoevsky. His father, a doctor, was a member of the Russian nobility, owned serfs and had a considerable estate near Moscow where he lived with his ...

90. Federico García Lorca

Writer | Shooting Bernarda

Federíco Garcia Lorca was born in the south of Spain (Andalusia) in 1898 and soon became the region's most famous artist. A poet, playwright, artist, musician and lecturer, he wrote groundbreaking plays such as 'Blood Wedding' and 'Yerma'. His support of the Spanish Republic in the 1930s led to his...

91. Rainer Maria Rilke

Writer | René

Rainer Maria Rilke was born in Prague on the 4th of December 1878 as the son of a military man working with railroads. After he visited a military Upper School he tried to avoid the army and did the preparations for the final exams and the final exams in private. He went to university to study ...

92. Machado de Assis

Writer | Esse Rio Que Eu Amo

Founder and first president of Academia Brasileira de Letras. At 16 he published his first poem, "Ela", in "Marmota Fluminense" magazine. In 1858, he started to write for newspapers.

His novels can be divided in Romantic and Realistic periods.

In the Romantic period, he wrote: "Ressurreição" (1872), ...

93. Charles Baudelaire

Writer | Messengers

Charles Baudelaire was a 19th century French poet, translator, and literary/art critic. At his birth, Baudelaire's mother, Caroline Archimbaut-Dufays, was 28; his father Francois Baudelaire was 61. Charles' father instilled in him an appreciation for art, taking his young son to museums and ...

94. Alexandre Dumas

Writer | The Count of Monte Cristo

His paternal grandparents were Marie Cessete Dumas (a Haitian slave) and Marquis Antoine Davy de la Pailleterie. Antoine disapproved of their son, Thomas-Alexandre, joining the French army under the "Davy de la Pailleterie" name, so Thomas-Alexandre used his mother's surname instead. He became a ...

96. Nelson Rodrigues

Writer | Gêmeas

Nelson Rodrigues was born on August 23, 1912 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. He was a writer and producer, known for Gêmeas (1999), O Homem Proibido (1982) and Os Sete Gatinhos (1980). He was married to Lucia Cruz Lima, Yolanda Camejo dos Santos and Elza Bretanha. He died on December 21, 1980 ...

97. Knut Hamsun

Writer | Poslední radost

Norwegian novelist Knut Hamsun was born to a poor family and sent to live with an uncle, a commercial fisherman. He grew up without any formal schooling. Hamsun left Norway for the U.S. twice: once in 1882, and again in 1886. Each time he stayed in the U.S. for two years, holding various jobs ...

98. Stefan Zweig

Writer | The Grand Budapest Hotel

Stefan Zweig was born on November 28, 1881 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary. He was a writer, known for The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014), Letter from an Unknown Woman (1948) and Crepúsculo. He was married to Charlotte E. Altmann and Friderike Maria Burger von Winternitz. He died on February 22, ...

99. Mário de Sá-Carneiro

Writer | Retrato de Família

Son of Carlos Augusto de Sá Carneiro and Águeda Maria Peres Murinello.



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