Directors with Films in the Criterion Collection

by smcgann14 | created - 08 Apr 2017 | updated - 16 Nov 2017 | Public

Up to Eclipse Series #3

1. Ingmar Bergman

Writer | Persona

Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions (1992) is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions (1996) is the ...

22 films

The Seventh Seal (#11), Autumn Sonata (#60), The Magic Flute (#71), Cries & Whispers (#101), Wild Strawberries (#139), Through a Glass Darkly (#209), Winter Light (#210), The Silence (#211), Scenes from a Marriage (#229), Smiles of a Summer Night (#237), Fanny and Alexander (#261, #262, #263), The Making of Fanny and Alexander (#264), The Virgin Spring (#321), Sawdust and Tinsel (#412), The Magician (#537), Summer Interlude (#613), Summer with Monika (#614), Persona (#701), Crisis (ES #1), Port of Call (ES #1), Thirst (ES #1), To Joy (ES #1)

2. Akira Kurosawa

Writer | Kakushi-toride no san-akunin

After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata (1943). Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater...

17 films

The Seven Samurai (#2), High and Low (#24), Yojimbo (#52), Sanjuro (#53), The Hidden Fortress (#116), Rashomon (#138), Red Beard (#159), Throne of Blood (#190), Ikiru (#221), Stray Dog (#233), The Lower Depths (#239), Kagemusha (#267), Ran (#316), The Bad Sleep Well (#319), The Drunken Angel (#413), Dodes'ka-den (#465), Dreams (#842)

3. Louis Malle

Director | Au revoir les enfants

Louis Malle, the descendant of a French nobleman who made a fortune in beet sugar during the Napoleonic Wars, created films that explored life and its meaning. Malle's family discouraged his early interest in film but, in 1950, allowed him to enter the Institute of Advanced Cinematographic Studies ...

17 films

Murmur of the Heart (#328), Lacombe, Lucien (#329), Au Revoir Les Enfants (#330), Elevator to the Gallows (#335), The Lovers (#429), The Fire Within (#430), My Dinner with Andre (#479), Zazie dans le metro (#570), Black Moon (#571), Vanya on 42nd Street (#599), Vive le tour (ES #2), Humain, trop humain (ES #2), Place de la République (ES #2), Phantom India (ES #2), Calcutta (ES #2), God's Country (ES #2), ...And the Pursuit of Happiness (ES #2)

4. Yasujirô Ozu

Director | Tôkyô monogatari

Tokyo-born Yasujiro Ozu was a movie buff from childhood, often playing hooky from school in order to see Hollywood movies in his local theatre. In 1923 he landed a job as a camera assistant at Shochiku Studios in Tokyo. Three years later, he was made an assistant director and directed his first ...

14 films

Good Morning (#84), Tokyo Story (#217), Floating Weeds (#232), A Story of Floating Weeds (#232), Early Summer (#240), Late Spring (#331), An Autumn Afternoon (#446), The Only Son (#525), There Was a Father (#526), Early Spring (ES #3), Tôkyô boshoku (ES #3), Equinox Flower (ES #3), Akibiyori (ES #3), The End of Summer (ES #3)

5. Jean-Luc Godard

Director | Vivre sa vie: Film en douze tableaux

Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of ...

13 films

Alphaville (#25), Contempt (#171), Band of Outsiders (#174), A Woman Is a Woman (#238), Tout va bien (#275), Masculin Féminin (#308), Breathless (#408), Pierrot le Fou (#421), Made in U.S.A. (#481), 2 or 3 Things I Know About Her (#482), My Life to Live (#512), Weekend (#635), Every Man for Himself (#744)

6. Federico Fellini

Writer |

The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the ...

12 films

Amarcord (#4), The Nights of Cabiria (#49), And The Ship Sails On (#50), Variety Lights (#81), 8 1/2 (#140), Juliet of the Spirits (#149), The White Sheik (#189), La Strada (#219), I Vitelloni (#246), La Dolce Vita (#733), Fellini's Satyricon (#747), Roma (#848)

7. Jean Renoir

Writer | La règle du jeu

Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he ...

11 films

La Grande Illusion (#1), The Rules of the Game (#216), The Lower Depths (#239), The Golden Coach (#242), French Cancan (#243), Elena and Her Men (#244), The River (#276), Bondu Saved from Drowning (#305), La Bête Humaine (#324), A Day in the Country (#746), La Chienne (#818)

8. Kenji Misumi

Director | Okami yo rakujitsu o kire

Kenji Misumi was born on March 2, 1921 in Kyoto, Japan. Misumi was the illegitimate child of a geisha mother and originally wanted to be a painter, but his father disapproved. Kenji attended Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto, Japan. During this time Misumi met future Daiei studio head Kan Kikuchi, ...

10 films

The Tale of Zatoichi (#679), Fight, Zatoichi, Fight (#679), Zatoichi and the Chess Expert (#679), Zatoichi Challenged (#679), Samaritan Zatoichi (#679), Zatoichi Goes to the Fire Festival (#679), Lone Wolf and Cub: Sword of Vengeance (#841), Lone Wolf and Cub: Baby Cart at the River Styx (#841), Lone Wolf and Cub: Baby Cart to Hades (#841), Lone Wolf and Cub: Baby Cart in the Land of Demons (#841)

9. Michael Powell

Director | The Red Shoes

The son of Thomas William Powell and Mabel (nee Corbett). Michael Powell was always a self-confessed movie addict. He was brought up partly in Canterbury ("The Garden of England") and partly in the south of France (where his parents ran a hotel). Educated at Kings School, Canterbury and Dulwich ...

10 films

The Red Shoes (#44), Peeping Tom (#58), Black Narcissus (#93), 'I Know Where I'm Going!' (#94), The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (#173), The Tales of Hoffmann (#317), A Canterbury Tale (#341), 49th Parallel (#376), The Thief of Bagdad (#431), Hour of Glory (#441)

10. Luis Buñuel

Writer | Belle de jour

The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the ...

9 films

The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (#102), Diary of a Chambermaid (#117), That Obscure Object of Desire (#143), The Phantom of Liberty (#290), Viridiana (#332), The Milky Way (#402), The Exterminating Angel (#459), Simon of the Desert (#460), Belle de Jour (#593)

11. Rainer Werner Fassbinder

Writer | Faustrecht der Freiheit

Above all, Rainer Werner Fassbinder was a rebel whose life and art was marked by gross contradiction. Openly homosexual, he married twice; one of his wives acted in his films and the other served as his editor. Accused variously by detractors of being anticommunist, male chauvinist, antiSemitic and...

9 films

Ali: Fear Eats the Soul (#198), The Marriage of Maria Braun (#204), Veronika Voss (#205), Lola (#206), Berlin Alexanderplatz (#411), World on a Wire (#598), The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant (#740), The Merchant of Four Seasons (#758), Fox and His Friends (#851)

12. Jean-Pierre Melville

Actor | À bout de souffle

The name "Melville" is not immediately associated with film. It conjures up images of white whales and crackbrained captains, of naysaying notaries and soup-spilling sailors. It is the countersign to a realm of men and their deeds, both heroic and villainous. It is the American novel, with its ...

9 films

Bob le Flambeur (#150), Le Cercle Rouge (#218), Le Samouraï (#306), Army of Shadows (#385), Les Enfants Terribles (#398), Le Doulos (#447), Le Deuxieme Souffle (#448), Léon Morin, Priest (#572), Le Silence de la Mer (#755)

13. Roberto Rossellini

Writer | Germania anno zero

The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American ...

9 films

The Flowers of St. Francis (#293), The Rise of Louis XIV (#456), General Della Rovere (#463), Rome, Open City (#497), Paisan (#498), Germany Year Zero (#499), Stromboli (#673), Europe '51 (#674), Journey to Italy (#675)

14. François Truffaut

Writer | La nuit américaine

French director François Truffaut began to assiduously go to the movies at age seven. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who became his protector. Bazin helped the ...

9 films

The 400 Blows (#5), Stolen Kisses (#186), Bed & Board (#187), Love on the Run (#188), Jules and Jim (#281), Shoot the Piano Player (#315), The Last Metro (#462), The Soft Skin (#749), Day for Night (#769)

15. Alfred Hitchcock

Director | Psycho

Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and ...

8 films

The Lady Vanishes (#3), The 39 Steps (#56), Rebecca (#135), Spellbound (#136), Notorious (#137), The Man Who Knew Too Much (#643), Foreign Correspondent (#696), The Lodger (#885)

16. David Lean

Director | Lawrence of Arabia

An important British filmmaker, David Lean was born in Croydon on March 25, 1908 and brought up in a strict Quaker family (ironically, as a child he wasn't allowed to go to the movies). During the 1920s, he briefly considered the possibility of becoming an accountant like his father before finding ...

8 films

Summertime (#22), Great Expectations (#31), Oliver Twist (#32), Brief Encounter (#76), Hobson's Choice (#461), In Which We Serve (#604), This Happy Breed (#605), Blithe Spirit (#606)

17. Wim Wenders

Director | Der Himmel über Berlin

Wim Wenders is an Oscar-nominated German filmmaker who was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf, which then was located in the British Occupation Zone of what became the Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany, known colloquially as West Germany until ...

8 films

Wings of Desire (#490), Paris, Texas (#501), Pina (#644), The American Friend (#793), Alice in the Cities (#814), Wrong Move (#815), Kings of the Road (#816), Buena Vista Social Club (#866)

18. Robert Altman

Director | Gosford Park

Robert Altman was born on February 20th, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri, to B.C. (an insurance salesman) and Helen Altman. He entered St. Peters Catholic school at the age six, and spent a short time at a Catholic high school. From there, he went to Rockhurst High School. It was then that he started...

7 films

3 Women (#230), Secret Honor (#257), Tanner '88 (#258), Short Cuts (#265), Nashville (#683), The Player (#812), McCabe and Mrs. Miller (#827)

19. Wes Anderson

Director | Fantastic Mr. Fox

Wesley Wales Anderson was born in Houston, Texas. His mother, Texas Ann (Burroughs), is an archaeologist turned real estate agent, and his father, Melver Leonard Anderson, worked in advertising and PR. He has two brothers, Eric and Mel. Anderson's parents divorced when he was a young child, an ...

7 films

Rushmore (#65), The Royal Tenenbaums (#157), The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (#300), Bottle Rocket (#450), The Darjeeling Limited (#540), Fantastic Mr. Fox (#700), Moonrise Kingdom (#776)

20. Michelangelo Antonioni

Writer | Blowup

Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema"...

7 films

L'Avventura (#98), L'Eclisse (#278), Red Desert (#522), Identification of a Woman (#585), La Notte (#678), Le Amiche (#817), Blow-Up (#865)

21. Robert Bresson

Writer | Journal d'un curé de campagne

Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Public Affairs (1934) in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Angels of Sin (1943) in 1943. His next film, Les ...

7 films

Les dames du Bois de Boulogne (#183), Diary of a Country Priest (#222), Au Hasard Balthazar (#297), Pickpocket (#314), Mouchette (#363), A Man Escaped (#650), L'Argent (#886)

22. Charles Chaplin

Writer | The Great Dictator

Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the ...

7 films

Modern Times (#543), The Great Dictator (#565), The Gold Rush (#615), Monsieur Verdoux (#652), City Lights (#680), Limelight (#756), The Kid (#799)

23. Emeric Pressburger

Writer | The Red Shoes

Educated at the Universities of Prague and Stuttgart, Emeric Pressburger worked as a journalist in Hungary and Germany and an author and scriptwriter in Berlin and Paris. He was a Hungarian Jew, chased around Europe (he worked on films for UFA in Berlin and Paris) before World War II, finally ...

7 films

The Red Shoes (#44), Black Narcissus (#93), 'I Know Where I'm Going!' (#94), The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (#173), The Tales of Hoffmann (#317), A Canterbury Tale (#341), Hour of Glory (#441)

24. Satyajit Ray

Writer | Pather Panchali

Satyajit Ray was born in Calcutta on May 2, 1921. His father, Late Sukumar Ray was an eminent poet and writer in the history of Bengali literature. In 1940, after receiving his degree in science and economics from Calcutta University, he attended Tagore's Viswa-Bharati University. His first movie ...

7 films

The Music Room (#573), The Big City (#668), Charulata (#669), Pather Panchali (#783), Aparajito (#784), The World of Apu (#785), The Hero (#911)

25. Steven Soderbergh

Director | Sex, Lies, and Videotape

Steven Andrew Soderbergh was born on January 14, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, the second of six children of Mary Ann (Bernard) and Peter Soderbergh. His father was of Swedish and Irish descent, and his mother was of Italian ancestry. While he was still at a very young age, his family moved to ...

7 films

Traffic (#151), Schizopolis (#199), Che: Part One (#496), Che: Part Two (#496), And Everything is Going Fine (#617), Gray's Anatomy (#618), King of the Hill (#698)

26. John Cassavetes

Actor | Love Streams

John Cassavetes was a Greek-American actor, film director, and screenwriter. He is considered a pioneer of American independent film, as he often financed his own films.

Cassavetes was born in New York City in 1929 to Nicholas John Cassavetes (1893-1979) and his wife, Katherine Demetre (1906-1983). ...

6 films

Shadows (#251), Faces (#252), A Woman Under the Influence (#253), The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (#254), Opening Night (#255), Love Streams (#721)

27. Jacques Demy

Director | Les parapluies de Cherbourg

Jacques Demy was born on June 5, 1931 in Pontchâteau, Loire-Atlantique, France. He was married to Agnès Varda. He died on October 27, 1990 in Paris, France.

6 films

Lola (#714), Bay of Angels (#715), The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (#716), The Young Girls of Rochefort (#717), Donkey Skin (#718), Une Chambre en Ville (#719)

28. Carl Theodor Dreyer

Writer | La passion de Jeanne d'Arc

The illegitimate son of a Danish farmer and his Swedish housekeeper, Carl Theodor Dreyer was born in Copenhagen on the 3th of February, 1889. He spent his early years in various foster homes before being adopted by the Dreyers at the age of two. Contrary to popular belief (perhaps nourished by the ...

6 films

The Passion of Joan of Arc (#62), Day of Wrath (#125), Ordet (#126), Gertrud (#127), Vampyr (#437), Master of the House (#706)

29. Krzysztof Kieslowski

Writer | Trois couleurs: Bleu

Krzysztof Kieslowski graduated from Lódz Film School in 1969, and became a documentary, TV and feature film director and scriptwriter. Before making his first film for TV, Przejscie podziemne (1974) (The Underground Passage), he made a number of short documentaries. His next TV title, Personnel (...

6 films

The Double Life of Veronique (#359), Three Colors: Blue (#588), Three Colors: White (#589), Three Colors: Red (#590), Blind Chance (#772), Dekalog (#837)

30. Richard Linklater

Director | Waking Life

Self-taught writer-director Richard Stuart Linklater was born in Houston, Texas, to Diane Margaret (Krieger), who taught at a university, and Charles W. Linklater III. Richard was among the first and most successful talents to emerge during the American independent film renaissance of the 1990s. ...

6 films

Slacker (#247), Dazed and Confused (#336), Boyhood (#839), Before Sunrise (#857), Before Sunset (#858), Before Midnight (#859)

31. Roman Polanski

Director | Chinatown

Roman Polanski is a Polish film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, Britain, France and the USA, he is considered one of the few truly international filmmakers. Roman Polanski was born in Paris in 1933.

His parents returned to Poland from France in 1936, three years ...

6 films

Knife in the Water (#215), Repulsion (#483), Cul-De-Sac (#577), Rosemary's Baby (#630), Tess (#697), Macbeth (#726)

32. Éric Rohmer

Director | Ma nuit chez Maud

Admirers have always had difficulty explaining Éric Rohmer's "Je ne sais quoi." Part of the challenge stems from the fact that, despite his place in French Nouvelle Vague (i.e., New Wave), his work is unlike that of his colleagues. While this may be due to the auteur's unwillingness to conform, ...

6 films

The Bakery Girl of Monceau (#343), Suzanne's Career (#344), My Night at Maud's (#345), The Collector (#346), Claire's Knee (#347), Chloe in the Afternoon (#348)

33. Seijun Suzuki

Director | Tsigoineruwaizen

Seijun Suzuki was born in Nihonbashi, Tôkyô, on May 24, 1923. In 1943, he entered the army to fight at the front. In 1946, he enrolled in the film department of the Kamakura Academy and passed the assistant director's exam. For the next few years, he worked as an assistant director at several ...

6 films

Branded to Kill (#38), Tokyo Drifter (#39), Youth of the Beast (#268), Fighting Elegy (#269), Gate of Flesh (#298), Story of a Prostitute (#299)

34. Jacques Tati

Writer | Playtime

The comic genius Jacques Tati was born Taticheff, descended from a noble Russian family. His grandfather, Count Dimitri, had been a general in the Imperial Army and had served as military attaché to the Russian Embassy in Paris. His father, Emmanuel Taticheff, was a well-to-do picture framer who ...

6 films

Monsieur Hulot's Holiday (#110), Mon Oncle (#111), Playtime (#112), Trafic (#439), Jour de Fete (#730), Parade (#731)

35. Kimiyoshi Yasuda

Director | Shin Zatôichi: Yabure! Tôjin-ken

Born in Tokyo in 1911 Yasuda Kimiyoshi died in the capital city in 1983. In-between, however, the director was in charge of 88 films most of which were of the jidaigeki genre. Kimiyoshi's first film was 1944's Ouma Wa Nanajyunana Mangoku. Beginning with 1964 the director began working on TV movies ...

6 films

Zatoichi on the Road (#679), Adventures of Zatoichi (#679), Zatoichi's Cane-sword (#679), Zatoichi and the Fugitives (#679), Zatoichi Meets the One-Armed Swordsman (#679), Zatoichi's Conspiracy (#679)

36. David Cronenberg

Director | The Fly

David Cronenberg, also known as the King of Venereal Horror or the Baron of Blood, was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1943. His father, Milton Cronenberg, was a journalist and editor, and his mother, Esther (Sumberg), was a piano player. After showing an inclination for literature at an early...

5 films

Dead Ringers (#21), Naked Lunch (#220), Videodrome (#248), Scanners (#712), The Brood (#777)

37. Jules Dassin

Director | Du rififi chez les hommes

Jules Dassin was an Academy Award-nominated director, screenwriter and actor best known for his films Rififi (1955), Never on Sunday (1960), and Topkapi (1964).

He was born Julius Samuel Dassin on 18 December 1911, in Middletown, Connecticut, USA. He was one of eight children of Russian-Jewish ...

5 films

Rififi (#115), Thieves' Highway (#273), Night and the City (#274), The Naked City (#380), Brute Force (#383)

38. Pierre Étaix

Actor | Le grand amour

Pierre Étaix was born on November 23, 1928 in Roanne, Loire, France as Pierre Léon Étaix. He was an actor and writer, known for Le Grand Amour (1969), As Long As You're Healthy (1966) and Yoyo (1965). He was married to Odile Crepin, Annie Fratellini and Denise bernard. He died on October 14, 2016 ...

5 films

The Suitor (#655), Yoyo (#655), As Long as You've Got Your Health (#655), Le Grand Amour (#655), Land of Milk and Honey (#655)

39. Terry Gilliam

Writer | Brazil

Terry Gilliam was born near Medicine Lake, Minnesota. When he was 12 his family moved to Los Angeles where he became a fan of MAD magazine. In his early twenties he was often stopped by the police who suspected him of being a drug addict and Gilliam had to explain that he worked in advertising. In ...

5 films

Time Bandits (#37), Brazil (#51), Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (#175), The Fisher King (#764), Jabberwocky (#903)

40. Kon Ichikawa

Director | Inugami-ke no ichizoku

Kon Ichikawa has been influenced by artists as diverse as Walt Disney and Jean Renoir, and his films cover a wide spectrum of moods, from the comic to the overwhelmingly ironic and even the perverse. Ichikawa began his career as a cartoonist, and this influence is apparent in his skillful use of ...

5 films

Tokyo Olympiad (#155), Fires on the Plain (#378), The Burmese Harp (#379), The Makioka Sisters (#567), An Actor's Revenge (#912)

41. Shohei Imamura

Director | Kuroi ame

Shohei Imamura's films dig beneath the surface of Japanese society to reveal a wellspring of sensual, often irrational, energy that lies beneath. Along with his colleagues Nagisa Ôshima and Masahiro Shinoda, Imamura began his serious directorial career as a member of the New Wave movement in Japan....

5 films

The Pornographers (#207), Vengeance Is Mine (#384), Pigs and Battleships (#472), The Insect Woman (#473), Intentions of Murder (#474)

42. Stanley Kubrick

Director | 2001: A Space Odyssey

Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would ...

5 films

Spartacus (#105), Paths of Glory (#538), The Killing (#575), Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (#821), Barry Lyndon (#897)

43. Pier Paolo Pasolini

Writer | Salò o le 120 giornate di Sodoma

Pier Paolo Pasolini achieved fame and notoriety long before he entered the film industry. A published poet at 19, he had already written numerous novels and essays before his first screenplay in 1954. His first film Accattone (1961) was based on his own novel and its violent depiction of the life ...

5 films

Salo, or the 120 Days of Sodom (#17), Mamma Roma (#236), The Decameron (#632), The Canterbury Tales (#633), Arabian Nights (#634)

44. Nicolas Roeg

Director | Don't Look Now

When he made his directorial debut in 1970, Nicolas Roeg was already a 23-year veteran of the British film industry, starting out in 1947 as an editing apprentice and working his way up to cinematographer twelve years later. He first came to attention as part of the second unit on David Lean's ...

5 films

Walkabout (#10), Bad Timing (#303), The Man Who Fell to Earth (#304), Insignificance (#566), Don't Look Now (#745)

45. Orson Welles

Actor | Citizen Kane

His father, Richard Head Welles, was a well-to-do inventor, his mother, Beatrice (Ives) Welles, a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died in 1924 (when he was nine) he traveled the world with his father. He was ...

5 films

F for Fake (#288), Mr. Arkadin (#322), Chimes at Midnight (#830), The Immortal Story (#831), Othello (#870)

46. Olivier Assayas

Writer | Personal Shopper

Olivier Assayas is a French film director, screenwriter and film critic. He is best know for his films Demonlover (2002), Something in the Air (2012), Clouds of Sils Maria (2014) and Personal Shopper (2016).

Assayas is the son of French director/screenwriter Raymond Assayas, alias Jacques Rémy.

His ...

4 films

Summer Hours (#513), Carlos (#582), Clouds of Sil Maria (#822), Personal Shopper (#899)

47. René Clair

Writer | Le silence est d'or

René Clair was born on November 11, 1898 in Paris, France as René-Lucien Chomette. He was a writer and director, known for Man About Town (1947), Beauties of the Night (1952) and The Grand Maneuver (1955). He was married to Bronia Clair. He died on March 15, 1981 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, ...

4 films

Le Million (#72), À Nous la Liberté (#160), Under the Roofs of Paris (#161), I Married a Witch (#676)

48. Henri-Georges Clouzot

Writer | Le salaire de la peur

Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau (1943) banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to ...

4 films

Diabolique (#35), The Wages of Fear (#36), Quai des Orfèvres (#193), Le Corbeau (#227)

49. Jean Cocteau

Writer | Orphée

Jean Cocteau was one of the most multi-talented artists of the 20th century. In addition to being a director, he was a poet, novelist, painter, playwright, set designer, and actor. He began writing at 10 and was a published poet by age 16. He collaborated with the "Russian Ballet" company of Sergei...

4 films

Beauty and the Beast (#6), The Blood of a Poet (#67), Orpheus (#68), Testament of Orpheus (#69)

50. Costa-Gavras

Director | Missing

Costa-Gavras was born on February 12, 1933 in Loutra-Iraias, Greece as Konstantinos Gavras. He is a director and writer, known for Missing (1982), Z (1969) and Amen. (2002). He has been married to Michèle Ray-Gavras since 1968. They have two children.

4 films

Missing (#449), Z (#491), The Confession (#759), State of Siege (#760)

51. Jean-Pierre Dardenne

Producer | Deux jours, une nuit

After studying drama in the arts institute, Jean Pierre Dardenne and his brother Luc made some videos about the rough life in blue-collar small towns in the Wallonie. After their meeting with filmmaker Armad Gatti and cinematographer Ned Burgess, they decided to enter in the movie business.

In 1978 ...

4 films

La Promesse (#620), Rosetta (#621), The Kid with a Bike (#646), Two Days, One Night (#771)

52. Luc Dardenne

Producer | Deux jours, une nuit

Luc Dardenne was born on March 10, 1954 in Awirs, Wallonia, Belgium. He is a producer and director, known for Two Days, One Night (2014), The Kid with a Bike (2011) and The Child (2005).

4 films

La Promesse (#620), Rosetta (#621), The Kid with a Bike (#646), Two Days, One Night (#771)

53. Vittorio De Sica

Director | Ladri di biciclette

Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee ...

4 films

Umberto D. (#201), Indiscretion of an American Wife (#202), The Children Are Watching Us (#323), Bicycle Thieves (#374)

54. Samuel Fuller

Writer | Shock Corridor

At age 17, Samuel Fuller was the youngest reporter ever to be in charge of the events section of the New York Journal. After having participated in the European battle theater in World War II, he directed some minor action productions for which he mostly wrote the scripts himself and which he also ...

4 films

The Naked Kiss (#18), Shock Corridor (#19), Pickup on South Street (#224), White Dog (#455)

55. Jim Jarmusch

Director | Broken Flowers

Moved to New York City at the age of seventeen from Akron, Ohio. Graduated from Columbia University with a B.A. in English, class of '75. Without any prior film experience, he was accepted into the Tisch School of the Arts, New York.

4 films

Down by Law (#166), Stranger than Paradise (#400), Night on Earth (#401), Mystery Train (#521)

56. Abbas Kiarostami

Writer | Copie conforme

Abbas Kiarostami was born in Tehran, Iran, in 1940. He graduated from university with a degree in fine arts before starting work as a graphic designer. He then joined the Center for Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults, where he started a film section, and this started his career ...

4 films

Taste of Cherry (#45), Close-Up (#519), Certified Copy (#612), Like Someone in Love (#708)

57. Masaki Kobayashi

Director | Seppuku

Masaki Kobayashi was born on February 14, 1916 in Hokkaido, Japan. He was a director and writer, known for Hara-Kiri (1962), Samurai Rebellion (1967) and The Human Condition I: No Greater Love (1959). He died on October 4, 1996 in Tokyo, Japan.

4 films

Kwaiden (#90), Harakiri (#302), Samurai Rebellion (#310), The Human Condition I: No Greater Love (#480)

58. Mike Leigh

Director | Secrets & Lies

Mike Leigh was born on February 20, 1943 in Salford, Greater Manchester, England. He is a director and writer, known for Secrets & Lies (1996), Happy-Go-Lucky (2008) and Another Year (2010). He was previously married to Alison Steadman.

4 films

Naked (#307), Topsy-Turvy (#558), Life Is Sweet (#659), Meantime (#890)

59. Ernst Lubitsch

Director | To Be or Not to Be

From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at ...

4 films

Trouble in Paradise (#170), Heaven Can Wait (#291), Design for Living (#592), To Be or Not to Be (#670)

60. Terrence Malick

Writer | Days of Heaven

Terrence Malick was born in Ottawa, Illinois. His family subsequently lived in Oklahoma and he went to school in Austin, Texas. He did his undergraduate work at Harvard, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in philosophy in 1965.

A member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society, he attended Magdalen ...

4 films

Days of Heaven (#409), The Thin Red Line (#536), Badlands (#651), The New World (#826)

61. Albert Maysles

Cinematographer | Grey Gardens

Albert Maysles was born on November 26, 1926 in Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts, USA as Albert Harry Maysles. He was a cinematographer and director, known for Grey Gardens (1975), Salesman (1969) and Gimme Shelter (1970). He was married to Gillian Walker. He died on March 5, 2015 in Manhattan, ...

4 films

Gimme Shelter (#99), Salesman (#122), Grey Gardens (#123), The Beales of Grey Gardens (#361)

62. Kenji Mizoguchi

Director | Ugetsu monogatari

Coming from a lower class family Mizoguchi entered the production company Nikkatsu as an actor specialized in female roles. Later he became an assistant director and made his first film in 1922. Although he filmed almost 90 movies in the silent era, only his last 12 productions are really known ...

4 films

Ugetsu (#309), Sansho the Bailiff (#386), The Life of Oharu (#664), The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum (#832)

63. Errol Morris

Director | The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara

His documentaries helped spur a rebirth of non-fiction film in the 80s & garnered wide critical success. But until 2003's "The Fog of War," Morris was shunned by the Academy Awards.

Morris' first two films won much acclaim (Gates of Heaven (1978) and Vernon, Florida (1981)). In the second movie, ...

4 films

A Brief History of Time (#699), Gates of Heaven (#751), Vernon, Florida (#752), The Thin Blue Line (#753)

64. Max Ophüls

Director | La ronde

Director Max Ophüls was born Max Oppenheimer in Saarbrücken, Germany. He began his career as a stage actor and director in the golden twenties. He worked in cities such as Stuttgart, Dortmund, Wuppertal, Vienna, Frankfurt, Breslau and Berlin. In 1929 his son Marcel Ophüls was born in Frankfurt, ...

4 films

La Ronde (#443), Le Plaisir (#444), The Earrings of Madame de... (#445), Lola Montès (#503)

65. Nagisa Ôshima

Director | Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence

Nagisa Oshima's career extends from the initiation of the "Nuberu bagu" (New Wave) movement in Japanese cinema in the late 1950s and early 1960s, to the contemporary use of cinema and television to express paradoxes in modern society. After an early involvement with the student protest movement in ...

4 films

In the Realm of the Senses (#466), Empire of Passion (#467), Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence (#535), Death by Hanging (#798)

66. Georg Wilhelm Pabst

Director | Komödianten

Georg Wilhelm Pabst is considered by many to be the greatest director of German cinema, in his era. He was especially appreciated by actors and actresses for the humane way in which he treated them. This was in contrast to some of his contemporaries, such as Arnold Fanck, who have been ...

4 films

Pandora's Box (#358), The 3 Penny Opera (#405), Westfront 1918 (#907), Kameradschaft (#908)

67. D.A. Pennebaker

Director | Dont Look Back

D.A. Pennebaker was born on July 15, 1925 in Evanston, Illinois, USA as Donn Alan Pennebaker. He was a director and cinematographer, known for Bob Dylan: Dont Look Back (1967), The War Room (1993) and Unlocking the Cage (2016). He was married to Chris Hegedus, Kate Taylor and Sylvia Bell. He died ...

4 films

Monterey Pop (#168), Jimi Plays Monterey (#169), The War Room (#602), Don't Look Back (#786)

68. Carol Reed

Director | The Third Man

Carol Reed was the second son of stage actor, dramatics teacher and impresario founder of the Royal School of Dramatic Art Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree. Reed was one of Tree's six illegitimate children with Beatrice Mae Pinney, who Tree established in a second household apart from his married life. ...

4 films

The Third Man (#64), The Fallen Idol (#357), Night Train to Munich (#523), Odd Man Out (#754)

69. Alain Resnais

Director | Hiroshima mon amour

Alain Resnais was born on June 3, 1922 in Vannes, Morbihan, France as Alain Pierre Marie Jean Georges Resnais. He was a director and editor, known for Hiroshima Mon Amour (1959), Same Old Song (1997) and My American Uncle (1980). He was married to Sabine Azéma and Florence Malraux. He died on March...

4 films

Hiroshima Mon Amour (#196), Night and Fog (#197), Last Year at Marienbad (#478), Muriel, or The Time of Return (#824)

70. Volker Schlöndorff

Director | Der junge Törless

Has studied economy and political sciences as well as at the Institut des Hautes Etudes Cinematographique (IDHEC) in Paris, France. Worked as an assistant director with Louis Malle, Jean-Pierre Melville and Alain Resnais. Founded his own production company Bioskop Film together with Reinhard Hauff ...

4 films

The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum (#177), Coup de grâce (#192), The Tin Drum (#234), Young Torless (#278)

71. Preston Sturges

Writer | The Great McGinty

Preston Sturges' own life is as unlikely as some of the plots of his best work. He was born into a wealthy family. As a boy he helped out on stage productions for his mother's friend, Isadora Duncan (the scarf that strangled her was made by his mother's company, Maison Desti). He served in the U.S....

4 films

The Lady Eve (#103), Sullivan's Travels (#118), Unfaithfully Yours (#292), The Palm Beach Story (#742)

72. Andrei Tarkovsky

Writer | Solyaris

The most famous Soviet film-maker since Sergei M. Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky (the son of noted poet Arseniy Tarkovsky) studied music and Arabic in Moscow before enrolling in the Soviet film school V.G.I.K. He shot to international attention with his first feature, Ivan's Childhood (1962), which ...

4 films

Andrei Rublev (#34), Solaris (#164), Ivan's Childhood (#397), Stalker (#888)

73. Hiroshi Teshigahara

Director | Suna no onna

Hiroshi Teshigahara was born the son of Sofu Teshigahara who was the founder of the Sogetsu School of Ikebana (flower arrangement). In 1950, he graduated from the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music in oil painting. In 1958, he became the director of Sogetsu Art Centre and took a ...

4 films

Pitfall (#393), Woman in the Dunes (#394), The Face of Another (#395), Antonio Gaudi (#425)

74. Jan Troell

Director | Här har du ditt liv

Jan Troell was born on July 23, 1931 in Limhamn, Malmö, Skåne län, Sweden. He is a director and cinematographer, known for Here Is Your Life (1966), Il capitano (1991) and The Emigrants (1971). He is married to Agneta Ulfsäter-Troell.

4 films

Everlasting Moments (#520), Here Is Your Life (#766), The Emigrants (#796), The New Land (#797)

75. Agnès Varda

Director | Sans toit ni loi

Agnès Varda was born on May 30, 1928 in Brussels, Belgium as Arlette Varda. She was a director and writer, known for Vagabond (1985), Faces Places (2017) and Cleo from 5 to 7 (1962). She was married to Jacques Demy. She died on March 29, 2019 in Paris, France.

4 films

Cleo from 5 to 7 (#73), Vagabond (#74), La Pointe Courte (#419), Le Bonheur (#420)

76. Josef von Sternberg

Director | The Devil Is a Woman

Josef von Sternberg split his childhood between Vienna and New York City. His father, a former soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army, could not support his family in either city; Sternberg remembered him only as "an enormously strong man who often used his strength on me." Forced by poverty to drop ...

4 films

The Scarlett Empress (#109), Underworld (#529), The Last Command (#530), The Docks of New York (#531)

77. Lars von Trier

Writer | Dancer in the Dark

Probably the most ambitious and visually distinctive filmmaker to emerge from Denmark since Carl Theodor Dreyer over 60 years earlier, Lars von Trier studied film at the Danish Film School and attracted international attention with his very first feature, The Element of Crime (1984). A highly ...

4 films

The Element of Crime (#80), Europa (#454), Antichrist (#542), Breaking the Waves (#705)

78. Andrzej Wajda

Director | Katyn

Andrzej Wajda is an Academy Award-wining director. He is the most prominent filmmaker in Poland known for The Promised Land (1975), Man of Iron (1981), and Katyn (2007).

He was Born on March 6, 1926, in Suwalki, Poland. His mother, Aniela Wajda, was a teacher at a Ukrainian school. His father, Jakub...

4 films

A Generation (#283), Kanal (#284), Ashes and Diamonds (#285), Danton (#464)

79. Anthony Asquith

Director | Underground

British film director Anthony Asquith was born on November 9, 1902, to H.H. Asquith, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and his second wife. A former home secretary and the future leader of the Liberal Party, H.H. Asquith served as prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1908-1916 and was ...

3 films

Pygmalion (#85), The Importance of Being Earnest (#158), The Browning Version (#294)

80. Noah Baumbach

Writer | Marriage Story

Born in Brooklyn in 1969 Noah Baumbach is the son of two film critics, Georgia Brown and Jonathan Baumbach (also a writer). His studies at Vassar College were the subject of his first film (made as he was 26 years old), Kicking and Screaming (1995). His second major picture, made ten years later, ...

3 films

Kicking and Screaming (#349), Frances Ha (#681), The Squid and the Whale (#845)

81. Jacques Becker

Writer | Le trou

His interest in films was stimulated by a meeting with King Vidor, who offered him employment in the US as actor and assistant director. However, he remained in France and became assistant to Jean Renoir, a friend of the family, during that director's peak period (1932-39). In 1934 he ventured ...

3 films

Le Trou (#129), Casque d'Or (#270), Touchez Pas au Grisbi (#271)

82. Marcel Carné

Director | Thérèse Raquin

Marcel Carné, the son of a cabinet maker, entered the movies as the assistant of Jacques Feyder. At the age of 25 he directed his first movie Jenny (1936). Colaborating with the writer Jacques Prévert, the decorator Alexandre Trauner, the musician and composer Maurice Jaubert and the actor Jean ...

3 films

Children of Paradise (#141), Port of Shadows (#245), Les Visiteurs du Soir (#626)

83. Pedro Costa

Director | Vitalina Varela

Pedro Costa was born on December 30, 1958 in Lisbon, Portugal. He is a director and writer, known for Vitalina Varela (2019), Horse Money (2014) and Colossal Youth (2006).

3 films

Ossos (#509), In Vanda's Room (#510), Colossal Youth (#511)

84. Alex Cox

Director | Repo Man

Throughout his years in the industry, Alex Cox, an English writer-director, has not only proven his loyalty and integrity to cult cinema, but also his love for it. This all began in 1977, when Cox dropped out of Oxford University to study Radio, Film & TV at Bristol until graduating in 1977. Seeing...

3 films

Sid & Nancy (#20), Walker (#423), Repo Man (#654)

85. Robert Day

Director | The Big Game

Robert Day worked his way up from clapper boy to camera operator to full-fledged lensman in his native England before giving directing a shot in the mid-1950s. His first film as director, the black-comic The Green Man (1956) for the writer-producer team of 'Frank Launder and Sidney Gilliat, ...

3 films

First Man Into Space (#365), The Haunted Strangler (#367), Corridors of Blood (#368)

86. Brian De Palma

Director | Dressed to Kill

Brian De Palma is the son of a surgeon. He studied physics but at the same time felt his dedication for the movies and made some short films. After seven independent productions he had his first success with Sisters (1972) and his voyeuristic style. Restlessly he worked on big projects with the ...

3 films

Sisters (#89), Blow Out (#562), Dressed to Kill (#770)

87. Guillermo del Toro

Writer | El laberinto del fauno

Guillermo del Toro was born October 9, 1964 in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. Raised by his Catholic grandmother, del Toro developed an interest in filmmaking in his early teens. Later, he learned about makeup and effects from the legendary Dick Smith (The Exorcist (1973)) and worked on making his ...

3 films

Cronos (#551), The Devil's Backbone (#666), Pan's Labyrinth (#838)

88. Jonathan Demme

Director | The Silence of the Lambs

Jonathan Demme was born on February 22, 1944 in Baldwin, Long Island, New York, USA as Robert Jonathan Demme. He was a director and producer, known for The Silence of the Lambs (1991), Rachel Getting Married (2008) and Philadelphia (1993). He was married to Joanne Howard and Evelyn Purcell. He died...

3 films

The Silence of the Lambs (#13), Something Wild (#563), A Master Builder (#762)

89. Sergei M. Eisenstein

Director | Aleksandr Nevskiy

The son of an affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and ...

3 films

Ivan the Terrible: Part I (#86), Alexander Nevsky (#87), Ivan the Terrible: Part II (#88)

90. John Ford

Director | The Quiet Man

John Ford came to Hollywood following one of his brothers, an actor. Asked what brought him to Hollywood, he replied "The train". He became one of the most respected directors in the business, in spite of being known for his westerns, which were not considered "serious" film. He won six Oscars, ...

3 films

Young Mr. Lincoln (#320), Stagecoach (#516), My Darling Clementine (#732)

91. Howard Hawks

Director | Red River

What do the classic films Scarface (1932), Twentieth Century (1934), Bringing Up Baby (1938), Only Angels Have Wings (1939), His Girl Friday (1940), Sergeant York (1941), To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Red River (1948) Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) and Rio Bravo (1959) have in...

3 films

Red River (#709), Only Angels Have Wings (#806), His Girl Friday (#849)

92. Monte Hellman

Director | Iguana

Monte Hellman was born on July 12, 1929, in New York City, where his parents were visiting, but he grew up in Los Angeles. He studied drama at Stanford University--on an NBC scholarship--and film at UCLA. After a few years directing in summer theater, Hellman hooked up with legendary "B" movie ...

3 films

Two-Lane Blacktop (#414), The Shooting (#734), Ride in the Whirlwind (#735)

93. John Huston

Director | The Treasure of the Sierra Madre

An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry was English,...

3 films

Under the Volcano (#410), Wise Blood (#470), The Asphalt Jungle (#847)

3 films

Zatoichi and the Chest of Gold (#679), Zatoichi's Flashing Sword (#679), Zatoichi: The Blind Swordsman's Pilgrimage (#679)

95. Hiroshi Inagaki

Director | Wasurerareta kora

Inagaki's career in film began as an actor--a child actor, in fact, appearing in numerous silent films beginning at the very dawn of Japanese cinema. This is probably why he was promoted to director at the unusually (for Japan) young age of 22. Along with producer Mansaku Itami (later the father of...

3 films

Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (#14), Samurai II: Duel at Ichijoji Temple (#15), Samurai III: Duel at Ganryu Island (#16)

96. Fritz Lang

Actor | Le mépris

Fritz Lang was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1890. His father managed a construction company. His mother, Pauline Schlesinger, was Jewish but converted to Catholicism when Lang was ten. After high school, he enrolled briefly at the Technische Hochschule Wien and then started to train as a painter. ...

3 films

M (#30), The Testament of Dr. Mabuse (#231), Ministry of Fear (#649)

97. David Lynch

Writer | Twin Peaks

Born in precisely the kind of small-town American setting so familiar from his films, David Lynch spent his childhood being shunted from one state to another as his research scientist father kept getting relocated. He attended various art schools, married Peggy Lynch and then fathered future ...

3 films

Eraserhead (#725), Mulholland Dr. (#779), Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me (#898)

98. David Maysles

Director | Grey Gardens

David Maysles was born on January 10, 1931 in Brookline, Massachusetts, USA. He was a director and cinematographer, known for Grey Gardens (1975), Gimme Shelter (1970) and Salesman (1969). He died on January 3, 1987 in New York City, New York, USA.

3 films

Gimme Shelter (#99), Salesman (#122), The Beales of Grey Gardens (#361)

3 films

Zoku Zatôichi monogatari (#679), Zatoichi and the Doomed Man (#679), Zatoichi at Large (#679)

100. Ronald Neame

Director | Golden Salamander

A British filmmaker who, over the years, worked as assistant director, cinematographer, producer, writer and ultimately director, Ronald Neame was born on April 23, 1911. His father, Elwin Neame, was a film director and his mother, Ivy Close, was a film star. During the 1920s, he started working at...

3 films

The Horse's Mouth (#154), Hopscotch (#163), Tunes of Glory (#225)

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