DIRECTORES en la historia del cine...

by AndreValverde85 | created - 8 months ago | updated - 5 days ago | Public

1. Eadweard Muybridge

Director | Child Bringing Bouquet to Woman

Eadweard Muybridge's great breakthrough came in 1872 when he was hired by wealthy American businessman Leland Stanford, for whom Stanford University is named. Stanford was interested in whether horses lifted all legs off the ground at once during trotting and Muybridge was engaged to take ...

2. Émile Reynaud

Director | Autour d'une cabine ou Mésaventures d'un copurchic aux bains de mer

His father was a watchmaker, his mother a schoolteacher. He was taught by his parents, and they believed he should learn whilst having fun. When his father died, him and mother both left Paris for Puy-en-Velay. He became a professor of physics and natural sciences, and taught from 1873 to 1877. ...

3. Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince

Director | Roundhay Garden Scene

Le Prince is considered the pioneer of the motion picture. His father was an intimate friend of Louis Daguerre (1787-1851), the famous pioneer of photography, who gave his son some early lessons in the art. In 1875 he saw a series of photographs taken by Eadweard Muybridge at Palo Alto, California....

4. William K.L. Dickson

Cinematographer | Sandow

Born in France to British parents, William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson stayed in that country until age 19, when he, his mother and sisters (their father had died sometime before) returned to Great Britain. Once there, Dickson--in an early indication of his lifelong fascination with science and ...

5. William Heise

Cinematographer | Men Boxing

William Heise was an engineer who was integral in the development of the kinetoscope for Thomas Edison, working with inventor William K.L. Dickson in the development of the device. He later became a cameraman, director and producer responsible for the creation of hundreds of short films.

In 1890, ...

6. Louis Lumière

Producer | La Mi-Carême, Char et batailles de confettis

Although no one will ever come up with a definitive answer as to who invented the cinema (probably because no one single person was responsible), Louis Lumière has one of the strongest claims to the title - for it was he (with his brother Auguste) who invented the cinematographe : a machine that ...

7. Birt Acres

Cinematographer | Shoeblack at Work in a London Street

One of the pioneers of the cinema, Birt Acres was responsible for the first British film (a record of the traditional Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race on 30 March 1895) using a camera he developed with Robert W. Paul. The collaboration started when Paul approached Acres (an established professional ...

8. Alfred Clark

Director | Umbrella Dance

Alfred Clark was a pioneering film director who was mostly known for directing several films for the Edison Manufacturing Company. Originally, Edison had begun his film company with making shorts of vaudeville acts; but Clark, who joined the company in 1895, was the first to introduce Edison to new...

9. Alice Guy

Director | The Woman of Mystery

The world's first motion picture director, French-born Alice Guy entered the film business in 1896 as a secretary at Gaumont, a manufacturer of movie cameras and projectors who had purchased the invention from the Lumiere brothers. The next year Gaumont became the world's first motion picture ...

10. Max Skladanowsky

Director | Liebigs Fleischextrakt

Max Skladanowsky was born on April 30, 1863 in Berlin, Germany as Max Richard Skladanowsky. He was a director and producer, known for Liebigs Fleischextrakt (1897), Die Serpentintänzerin (1895) and Kamarinskaja (1895). He was married to Gertrud Anna Pauline Marx and Else Ranzen. He died on ...

11. Robert W. Paul

Producer | The Butterfly

Robert Paul was an electrician and scientific instrument maker, with offices at Hatton Garden in London. He was approached by two Greek businessmen who had obtained an Edison kinetoscope (a slot machine that ran film in a continuous loop, that the customer viewed through an eyepiece). It should be ...

12. James H. White

Director | The Little Reb

Canadian-American filmmaker James H. White was one of the pioneers of early cinema, the man who filmed the famous short The Kiss (1896). Born in the Canadian Maritime province of Nova Scotia in 1872, he was a 22-year-old gramophone salesman when he went to work at a kinetescope operation in Boston ...

13. Auguste Lumière

Producer | Londres, alerte de pompiers: film Lumière n° 246

Although it is his brother Louis Lumière who is generally acclaimed as the "father of the cinema", Auguste Lumiere also made a major contribution towards the development of the medium, first by helping with the invention and construction of the cinematographe (the world's first camera and ...

14. Alexandre Promio

Director | La mise en croix

The Lumiere Brothers began their career filming in locations relatively close to their home. After becoming comfortable with their instrument they began sending cameramen all over the world to direct films which they would produce. Alexandre Promio was one such cameraman. He witnessed Lumiere's ...

15. Georges Méliès

Director | À la conquête du pôle

Georges Méliès was a French illusionist and film director famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.

Méliès was an especially prolific innovator in the use of special effects, popularizing such techniques as substitution splices, multiple exposures, ...

16. Cecil M. Hepworth

Producer | Alice in Wonderland

Born in London, England, in 1874, Cecil Hepworth was one of the founders of the British film industry, directing and producing many films from 1898 into the late 1920s. Developing an early interest in films from following his father on lecture tours about the magic-lantern, he patented several ...

17. Charles Pathé

Producer | À la conquête du pôle

Charles Pathé was born on December 25, 1863 in Chevry-Cossigny, Seine-et-Marne, France as Charles Morand Pathé. He was a producer and director, known for The Conquest of the Pole (1912), J'accuse! (1919) and Débarquement d'un bateau (1896). He was married to Marie Foy. He died on December 25...

18. George Albert Smith

Director | As Seen Through a Telescope

Along with his better-known French counterpart Georges Méliès George Albert Smith was one of the first filmmakers to explore fictional and fantastic themes, often using surprisingly sophisticated special effects. His background was ideal--an established portrait photographer, he also had a ...

19. J. Stuart Blackton

Director | The Glorious Adventure

J. Stuart Blackton came to the US with his family from Sheffield, England, in 1885 at age 10, settling in New York. He became friends with Albert E. Smith - who later became his business partner and headed Vitagraph Studios - in 1894 and they started a short-lived vaudeville act together. Blackton ...

20. Arthur Melbourne Cooper

Director | Belles of Killarney

Arthur Melbourne Cooper was born in St. Albans, England, in 1874. He was one of the founders of the British film industry and the creator of the world's first animation films (or "trick" films, as he called them). Matches: An Appeal (1899) was made for a government advertising campaign to invite ...

21. Edwin S. Porter

Director | The White Pearl

In the late 1890s Porter worked as both a projectionist and mechanic, eventually becoming director and cameraman for the Edison Manufacturing Company. Influenced by both the "Brighton school" and the story films of Georges Méliès, Porter went on to make important shorts such as Life of an American ...

22. Wallace McCutcheon

Director | 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

Wallace McCutcheon was born in 1862 in New York, USA. He was a director and cinematographer, known for 20, 000 Leagues Under the Sea (1905), The Nihilist (1905) and How They Rob Men in Chicago (1900). He was married to Mira West. He died on October 3, 1918 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York.

23. Walter R. Booth

Director | The Airship Destroyer

Walter R. Booth was born on July 12, 1869 in Worcester, Worcestershire, England. He was a director and writer, known for The Battle in the Clouds (1909), The Portrait of Dolly Grey (1915) and Magical Sword (1901). He died in 1938 in Birmingham, England.

24. Ferdinand Zecca

Director | La lutte pour la vie

Was a cafe concert entertainer before Charles Pathe noticed him during the Universal Exhibition, where Zecca had been assigned to Pathe's stand. After a few daysPathe asked Zecca if he would like to work in cinematography. Zecca immediately accepted the offer and rapidly became Pathe's right hand ...

25. Lewin Fitzhamon

Director | Jemima and the Editor

Lewin Fitzhamon born in Aldingham, Cumbria in 1869, began as a steeplechase rider and a music hall performer and also producer/writer of sketches in 1889. He first made films with Robert W. Paul,s Film Company in 1900, in 1904, he joined Cecil Hepworth as an writer, film director and actor ...

26. Segundo de Chomón

Director | Un portero modelo

Segundo de Chomón became involved in film through his wife, who was an actress in Pathé films. In 1902 he became a concessionary for Pathé in Barcelona, distributing its product in Spanish-speaking countries and managing a factory for the coloring of Pathé films. He began shooting footage of ...

27. Sidney Olcott

Director | Monsieur Beaucaire

Prolific silent film director, the son of Irish immigrants. Olcott started as an actor on the New York stage and then appeared in films for Mutoscope in 1904, eventually working his way up to general manager of Biograph. Lured away to a rival company he began to direct features for Kalem by 1907. ...

28. Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson

Director | The Son-of-a-Gun

American actor-director-writer-producer Gilbert M. Anderson, father of the movie cowboy and the first Western star, was born Maxwell Henry Aronson in Little Rock, Arkansas. His parents, Esther (Ash) and Henry Aronson, were from New York. His father was from a German Jewish family, and his mother ...

29. Émile Cohl

Director | Le mouton enragé

Pioneering animator Emile Cohl was born Emile Eugène Jean Louis Courtet in Paris, France, in 1857. He began his career as a caricaturist, cartoonist and writer in his 20s, and in 1908 he was hired by the Gaumont film company as a writer. He soon also became a director, turning out comedies and ...

30. D.W. Griffith

Director | The Birth of a Nation

David Wark Griffith was born in rural Kentucky to Jacob "Roaring Jake" Griffith, a former Confederate Army colonel and Civil War veteran. Young Griffith grew up with his father's romantic war stories and melodramatic nineteenth-century literature that were to eventually shape his movies. In 1897 ...

31. J. Searle Dawley

Director | Rich Man, Poor Man

J. Searle Dawley, the man who considered himself "the first motion picture director", was born James Searle Dawley on 5/13/1877 in Del Norte, CO. He was educated in Denver, and after graduating in 1895 became an actor with Louis Morrison's stock theatrical company. The tour he was hired for was ...

32. Francis Boggs

Director | The Coquette

Francis Boggs is an obscure figure in the history of cinema, but an important one. It was he who brought the movies to Los Angeles in 1909 when he established a permanent L. A. film studio for the Chicago-based Selig Polyscope Company. In a four-year film career he wrote and directed nearly 200 ...

33. Otis Turner

Director | The Black Box

Otis Turner was born on November 29, 1862 in Fairfield, Indiana, USA. He was a director and writer, known for The Black Box (1915), The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908) and A Youth of Fortune (1916). He was married to Etta French. He died on March 28, 1918 in Los Angeles, California, USA.

34. Romeo Bosetti

Director | Le cambriolé récalcitrant

Romeo Bosetti was born on January 18, 1879 in Chiari, Lombardy, Italy as Roméo Joseph Bosetti. He was a director and actor, known for Le cambriolé récalcitrant (1911), Fidèle jusqu'à la mort (1911) and Il ne faut pas courir deux lièvres à la fois (1914). He...

35. Mack Sennett

Producer | The Good-Bye Kiss

Mack Sennett was born Michael Sinnott on January 17, 1880 in Danville, Quebec, Canada, to Irish immigrant farmers. When he was 17, his parents moved the family to East Berlin, Connecticut, and he became a laborer at American Iron Works, a job he continued when they moved to Northampton, ...

36. Charles Kent

Actor | As You Like It

After a distinguished career of more than 30 years on stage, Charles Kent entered the film industry in its earliest stages--his debut, as far as is known, was in 1908 in Macbeth (1908)). He was not only an actor but a director, and guided many upper-echelon films for Vitagraph, often starring in ...

37. Alfred Machin

Director | Les héritiers de l'oncle James

Alfred Machin started his film work as camera man for Pathe at the beginning of 20 Century. During 1907 and 1909 he was in Africa, shooting documentary shorts. In 1910 he worked at the Pathe studio in Nizza, in 1911 he was one of the founding directors of the Pathe-filiale in Amsterdam, in 1913 he ...

38. James Kirkwood

Actor | A Nihilist Vengeance

A veteran stage actor, James Kirkwood entered films in 1909 as an actor and was soon playing leads in many of D.W. Griffith's early pictures. He turned to directing in 1912, and by 1914 was the favorite director of Mary Pickford, with whom he made nine films; he also co-starred in three of them. ...

39. Giuseppe de Liguoro

Director | L'Inferno

Giuseppe de Liguoro was born on January 10, 1869 in Naples, Campania, Italy as Giuseppe Dei Conti de Liguoro Presicce. He was a director and actor, known for Dante's Inferno (1911), Count Ugolini (1908) and Homer's Odyssey (1911). He died on March 19, 1944 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.

40. Winsor McCay

Writer | Gertie the Dinosaur

Like many pioneers, the work of 'Winsor McCay' has been largely superseded by successors such as Walt Disney and Max Fleischer but he more than earns a place in film history for being the American cinema's first great cartoon animator. He started out as a newspaper cartoonist, achieving a national ...

41. Wladyslaw Starewicz

Director | Chetyre chyorta

Although his name nowadays means very little except to animation buffs (and even they have to be pretty well informed), Wladyslaw Starewicz ranks alongside Walt Disney, as one of the great animation pioneers, and his career started nearly a decade before Disney's. He became an animator by accident ...

42. Victor Sjöström

Actor | Smultronstället

Victor Sjöström was born on September 20, 1879, and is the undisputed father of Swedish film, ranking as one of the masters of world cinema. His influence lives on in the work of Ingmar Bergman and all those directors, both Swedish and international, influenced by his work and the works of ...

43. Albert Capellani

Director | Oh Boy!

Albert Capellani was born on August 23, 1874 in Paris, France. He was a director and writer, known for Oh Boy! (1919), The Virtuous Model (1919) and The Easiest Way (1917). He died on September 26, 1931 in Paris.

44. Charles Brabin

Director | Breakers Ahead

Charles Brabin was born on April 17, 1882 in Liverpool, England as Charles Joseph Brabin. He was a director and writer, known for Breakers Ahead (1918), Thou Shalt Not (1919) and The Lights of New York (1922). He was married to Theda Bara and Susie Jeanette Mosher. He died on November 3, 1957 in ...

45. Francis Ford

Actor | The Purple Mask

Elder brother of the director John Ford and himself a screen director (and John's erstwhile mentor) until the advent of sound. He had also acted in his own films and those of other directors, but turned to acting exclusively circa 1929. As actor, he would provide convincing portrayals of men of ...

46. James Young

Director | On Trial

James Young was born on January 1, 1872 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. He was a director and actor, known for On Trial (1917), David Garrick (1914) and Beau Brummel (1913). He was married to Clara Whipple, Clara Kimball Young, Rida Johnson Young and Julie de Valera-Porkosky. He died on June 9, 1948 ...

47. Léonce Perret

Director | L'enfant de Paris

Léonce Perret was born on March 13, 1880 in Niort, Deux-Sèvres, France as Léonce Joseph Perret. He was a director and actor, known for L'enfant de Paris (1913), The A.B.C. of Love (1919) and Léonce et les écrevisses (1913). He was married to Valentine Petit. He died on August 12, 1935...

48. Herbert Brenon

Director | Beau Geste

Herbert Brenon was born on January 13, 1880 in Dublin, Ireland, UK as Alexander Herbert Reginald St. John Brenon. He was a director and writer, known for Beau Geste (1926), Ivanhoe (1913) and Sorrell and Son (1927). He was married to Mrs. Herbert Brenon. He died on June 21, 1958 in Los Angeles, ...

49. Phillips Smalley

Director | The Hand That Rocks the Cradle

Phillips Smalley was born on August 7, 1875 in Brooklyn, New York, USA as Phillips Wendell Smalley. He was a director and actor, known for The Hand That Rocks the Cradle (1917), The Merchant of Venice (1914) and Captain Courtesy (1915). He was married to Phyllis Lorraine Ephlin and Lois Weber. He ...

50. Mauritz Stiller

Director | Sången om den eldröda blomman

Moshe "Mauritz" Stiller, born July 17, 1883, in Helsinki, Finland, was a director, writer and actor. He began his artistic activity in the theatre, as an actor at 16. Mauritz Stiller portrayed 87 roles from 1899-1916 and directed 16 productions 1911-28. Together with Viktor Sjöström ( director, ...

51. Louis Feuillade

Director | Les vampires

A prolific director--over 700 films, most of them short- or medium-length--Louis Feuillade began his career with Gaumont where, as well as directing his own features, he was appointed artistic director in charge of production in 1907. His work was largely comprised of film series; his first series,...

52. Henry MacRae

Director | Detective Lloyd

Henry MacRae was born on August 29, 1876 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as Henry Alexander MacRae. He was a director and producer, known for Detective Lloyd (1932), The Lost Special (1932) and Danger Island (1931). He was married to Mary O'Neill and Margaret Oswald. He died on October 2, 1944 in ...

53. Carl Froelich

Director | Es war eine rauschende Ballnacht

There exists the story that the directors Froelich, Ewald André Dupont and Georg Wilhelm Pabst made a bet during their stay in London, who of them will be able to shoot the first German sound movie. However the bet could never settled clearly because Dupont shot the first sound movie but it wasn't ...

54. Henry Lehrman

Producer | Why Sailors Go Wrong

Austrian-born Henry Lehrman entered the film industry in 1909 while working as a trolley conductor. Legend has it that he cornered director D.W. Griffith and claimed to be an agent for the French-based Pathe company, sent by them to work with Griffith. By the time Griffith found out that Lehrman's ...

55. Christy Cabanne

Director | The Great Secret

Christy Cabanne was, along with Sam Newfield and William Beaudine, one of the most prolific directors in the history of American films.

Cabanne spent several years in the navy, leaving the service in 1908. He decided on a career in the theater, and became a director as well as an actor. Although ...

56. Louis J. Gasnier

Director | The Tiger's Trail

French-born Louis J. Gasnier was a stage actor / director / producer in Paris when he was hired by Pathe to direct comedy shorts. After discovering and showcasing comedian Max Linder, Gasnier was sent by Pathe to the U.S. in 1912 to run its operation there. He helped to make Pathe a major player in...

57. George B. Seitz

Director | Ransom

Former playwright George B. Seitz left the theater for Hollywood in 1913, and before long he was turning out screenplays for action serials such as The Perils of Pauline (1914), The Exploits of Elaine (1914), and The Iron Claw (1916). In addition to writing and sometimes starring in these ...

58. Benjamin Christensen

Director | Hævnens Nat

Benjamin Christensen was born on September 28, 1879 in Viborg, Denmark. He was a director and writer, known for Blind Justice (1916), Seven Footprints to Satan (1929) and The Devil's Circus (1926). He was married to Karen Winther, Sigrid Stahl and Ellen Arctander. He died on April 2, 1959 in ...

59. Cecil B. DeMille

Producer | The Ten Commandments

His parents Henry C. DeMille and Beatrice DeMille were playwrights. His father died when he was 12, and his mother supported the family by opening a school for girls and a theatrical company. Too young to enlist in the Spanish-American War, Cecil followed his brother William C. de Mille to the New ...

60. Hobart Bosworth

Actor | The Sea Wolf

Hobart Bosworth--pioneering movie director, writer, producer and actor--was born Hobart Van Zandt Bosworth on August 11, 1867, in Marietta, OH. He was a direct descendant of Miles Standish and John and Priscilla Alden on his father's side and of New York's Van Zandt family, the first Dutch settlers...

61. Charles Chaplin

Writer | The Great Dictator

Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the ...

62. Raoul Walsh

Director | Sadie Thompson

Raoul Walsh's 52-year directorial career made him a Hollywood legend. Walsh was also an actor: He appeared in the first version of W. Somerset Maugham's "Rain" renamed Sadie Thompson (1928) opposite Gloria Swanson in the title role. He would have played the Cisco Kid in his own film In Old Arizona ...

63. Frank Powell

Director | Mrs. Balfame

Frank Powell was born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. He is a director and actor, known for Mrs. Balfame (1917), From the Valley of the Missing (1915) and Princess Romanoff (1915).

64. Lois Weber

Director | Suspense

Lois Weber, who had been a street-corner evangelist before entering motion pictures in 1905, became the first American woman movie director of note, and a major one at that. Herbert Blaché, the husband of Frenchwoman Alice Guy, the first woman to direct a motion picture (and arguably, the first ...

65. Abel Gance

Writer | La dame aux camélias

Born an illegitimate son of a wealthy physician, Abel Flamant, and a working class mother, Francoise Perethon. He was raised by his mother and her boyfriend, who later became her husband, Adolphe Gance. Pressured by his parents, he began his working career as a lawyer's clerk in hopes of achieving ...

66. Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle

Actor | Coney Island

Roscoe Arbuckle, one of nine children, was the baby of the family who weighed a reported 16 pounds at birth. Born in Smith Center, Kansas, on March 24, 1887, his family moved to California when he was a year old. At age eight he appeared on the stage. His first part was with the Webster-Brown Stock...

67. Reginald Barker

Director | The Iron Strain

Canadian-born (Winnipeg) Reginald Barker moved with his family to Scotland shortly after he was born, and they eventually emigrated to the US, settling in California. Bitten by the show-business bug early, Barker was acting in plays by age 16, and then joined up with a traveling stock company as ...

68. Edgar Lewis

Director | The Plunderer

Edgar Lewis began his career as a stage actor and entered the film industry in 1911 as an actor, making his directorial debut two years later. Specializing in action-adventure films and westerns, he directed dozens of pictures between 1913 and 1930, when he left directing and returned to his first ...

69. Maurice Tourneur

Director | Au nom de la loi

Screenwriter and director Maurice Tourneur was born Maurice Thomas in the Parisian suburb of Belleville on February 2, 1873, the son of a jewelry merchant. He was trained and employed as a graphic designer and a magazine illustrator as a young man. After serving in a French artillery unit in ...

70. Michael Curtiz

Director | Casablanca

Curtiz began acting in and then directing films in his native Hungary in 1912. After WWI, he continued his filmmaking career in Austria and Germany and into the early 1920s when he directed films in other countries in Europe. Moving to the US in 1926, he started making films in Hollywood for Warner...

71. Yakov Protazanov

Director | L'angoissante aventure

Yakov Protazanov was born on February 4, 1881 in Moscow, Russian Empire as Yakov Aleksandrovich Protazanov. He was a director and writer, known for A Narrow Escape (1920), Without Dowry (1937) and Aelita, the Queen of Mars (1924). He died on August 9, 1945 in Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR.

72. Ernst Lubitsch

Director | To Be or Not to Be

From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at ...

73. Hal Roach

Director | One Million B.C.

Hal Roach was born in 1892 in Elmira, New York. After working as a mule skinner, wrangler and gold prospector, among other things, he wound up in Hollywood and began picking up jobs as an extra in comedies, where he met comedian Harold Lloyd in 1913 in San Diego. By all accounts, including his own,...

74. Allan Dwan

Director | A Perfect Crime

Allan Dwan was born on April 3, 1885 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as Joseph Aloysius Dwan. He was a director and writer, known for A Perfect Crime (1921), Bound in Morocco (1918) and Panthea (1917). He was married to Marie Shelton and Pauline Bush. He died on December 28, 1981 in Woodland Hills, Los...

75. John Ford

Director | The Quiet Man

John Ford came to Hollywood following one of his brothers, an actor. Asked what brought him to Hollywood, he replied "The train". He became one of the most respected directors in the business, in spite of being known for his westerns, which were not considered "serious" film. He won six Oscars, ...

76. Frank Lloyd

Director | Mutiny on the Bounty

Frank Lloyd was an unpretentious, technically skilled director, who crafted several enduring Hollywood classics during the 1930's. He started out as a stage actor and singer in early 1900's London and was well-known as an imitator of Harry Lauder. After several years in music hall and with touring ...

77. Alfred J. Goulding

Director | Dick Barton: Special Agent

Australian-born Alf Goulding was a former vaudevillian who became a director specializing in comedy shorts. He directed Harold Lloyd comedies for Hal Roach, and in the early 1920s joined Mack Sennett, then turned out two-reelers at RKO and Columbia, sometimes featuring Edgar Kennedy. In England ...

78. Sidney Franklin

Director | The Good Earth

Sidney Franklin was involved in amateur filmmaking while still at school. With his brother Chester M. Franklin, he wrote, directed and edited a short film, The Baby (1915), at a cost of $400. Somehow it attracted the interest of D.W. Griffith, who decided to put the brothers to work making ...

79. Richard Oswald

Director | Die Reise um die Erde in 80 Tagen

Director and producer of many German as well as a few American, British and French films, Richard Oswald started making films in 1914 and shortly formed his own production company. After making many successful films and discovering several important performers, he fled his homeland after the Nazi ...

80. Fritz Lang

Actor | Le mépris

Fritz Lang was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1890. His father managed a construction company. His mother, Pauline Schlesinger, was Jewish but converted to Catholicism when Lang was ten. After high school, he enrolled briefly at the Technische Hochschule Wien and then started to train as a painter. ...

81. Robert Z. Leonard

Director | The Great Ziegfeld

Chicago-born Robert Z. Leonard studied law at the University of Colorado, but the legal profession proved not to be his forte and he dropped out in favor of a career in the theatre. When his family moved to Hollywood in 1907 Leonard sought work in the fledgling film industry, starting as an actor ...

82. Victor Fleming

Director | Gone with the Wind

Victor Fleming entered the film business as a stuntman in 1910, mainly doing stunt driving - which came easy to him, as he had been a mechanic and professional race-car driver. He became interested in working on the other side of the camera, and eventually got a job as a cameraman on many of the ...

83. Alexander Korda

Director | The Private Life of Don Juan

One of a large group of Hungarian refugees who found refuge in England in the 1930s, Sir Alexander Korda was the first British film producer to receive a knighthood. He was a major, if controversial, figure and acted as a guiding force behind the British film industry of the 1930s and continued to ...

84. Edward F. Cline

Director | The Boat

Edward "Eddie" Cline began his career in the film business as one of the Keystone Kops. The former vaudevillian appeared sporadically in films as an actor until 1922, but became increasingly active behind the camera as a gagman and scenario writer for Mack Sennett. From 1916 he worked on a steady ...

85. Oscar Micheaux

Writer | Within Our Gates

Oscar Micheaux, the first African-American to produce a feature-length film (The Homesteader (1919)) and a sound feature-length film (The Exile (1931)), is not only a major figure in American film for these milestones, but because his oeuvre is a window into the American history and psyche ...

86. Fred Niblo

The Artist

Fred Niblo entered films in 1917 after two decades as a touring actor in vaudeville and one-time manager of 'The Four Cohans' (he married Josephine Cohan, the sister of George M. Cohan). He made his film debut with two early Australian silent films in 1916. He worked for Thomas H. Ince from 1917 as ...

87. Tod Browning

Director | Dracula

Belonging to a well-situated family, Charles Browning fell in love at the age of 16 with a dancer of a circus. Following her began his itinerary of being clown, jockey and director of a variety theater which ended when he met D.W. Griffith and became an actor. He made his debut in Intolerance (1916)...

88. John Francis Dillon

Director | The Girl of the Golden West

Actor/director John Francis Dillon was born in New York City on July 13, 1884 (his brother, Robert Dillon, also entered the film business, becoming a writer and director). He began his film career in 1913 as an actor in two-reel Keystone comedies, billed as "Jack Dillon". It wasn't long before he ...

89. Buster Keaton

Actor | The General

Joseph Frank Keaton was born on October 4, 1895 in Piqua, Kansas, to Joe Keaton and Myra Keaton. Joe and Myra were Vaudevillian comedians with a popular, ever-changing variety act, giving Keaton an eclectic and interesting upbringing. In the earliest days on stage, they traveled with a medicine ...

90. Viggo Larsen

Director | Der Eid des Stephan Huller

Viggo Larsen was born on August 14, 1880 in Copenhagen, Denmark. He was a director and actor, known for Der Eid des Stephan Huller (1912), The Grey Lady (1909) and Das Kriegslied der Rheinarmee (1914). He died on January 6, 1957 in Copenhagen.

91. Erich von Stroheim

Actor | Sunset Blvd.

Erich von Stroheim was born Erich Oswald Stroheim in 1885, in Vienna, Austria, to Johanna (Bondy), from Prague, and Benno Stroheim, a hatter from Gleiwitz, Germany (now Gliwice, Poland). His family was Jewish.

After spending some time working in his father's hat factory, he emigrated to America ...

92. Robert Wiene

Director | Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari

Robert Wiene was born on April 24, 1873 in Breslau, Silesia, Germany. He was a writer and director, known for The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), Das wandernde Licht (1916) and L'autre (1930). He died on July 17, 1938 in Paris, France.

93. Carl Theodor Dreyer

Writer | La passion de Jeanne d'Arc

The illegitimate son of a Danish farmer and his Swedish housekeeper, Carl Theodor Dreyer was born in Copenhagen on the 3th of February, 1889. He spent his early years in various foster homes before being adopted by the Dreyers at the age of two. Contrary to popular belief (perhaps nourished by the ...

94. Clarence Brown

Director | Anna Karenina

Clarence Leon Brown was the son of Larkin Harry and Catherine Ann (Gaw) Brown of Clinton, Massachusetts. His family moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, when he was 12 years old. He graduated from Knoxville High School in 1905 and from the University of Tennessee with a B.A. in mechanical and electrical ...

95. Max Fleischer

Producer | The Tantalizing Fly

Max Fleischer was born on July 19, 1883 in Krakau, Galicia, Austria-Hungary [now Kraków, Malopolskie, Poland]. He was a producer and actor, known for The Tantalizing Fly (1919), The Circus (1920) and Popeye the Sailor Meets Sindbad the Sailor (1936). He was married to Essie Goldstein. He died on ...

96. F.W. Murnau

Director | Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans

F.W. Murnau was a German film director. He was greatly influenced by Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Shakespeare and Ibsen plays he had seen at the age of 12, and became a friend of director Max Reinhardt. During World War I he served as a company commander at the eastern front and was in the German air ...

97. James Cruze

Actor | The Covered Wagon

Coming from a Mormon family in Utah, James Cruze was reportedly part Ute Indian. He worked as a fisherman to pay his way through drama school. Among his former wives were actresses Betty Compson (also from Utah) and Marguerite Snow. He was also married to Alberta McCoy (died on July 7, 1960), who ...

98. Max Linder

Actor | Seven Years Bad Luck

Although all too frequently neglected by fans of silent comedy, Max Linder is in many ways as important a figure as Charles Chaplin, Buster Keaton or Harold Lloyd, not least because he predated (and influenced) them all by several years and was largely responsible for the creation of the classic ...

99. Malcolm St. Clair

Director | Side Street

The son of a famous architect, California-born and -educated Mal St.Clair worked as a cartoonist for the Los Angeles Express before his first movie job as an extra and gagman at Keystone in 1915. After service in World War I, he returned to the film business, this time as a director alternating ...

100. Walter Ruttmann

Cinematographer | Metropolis

Walter Ruttmann was born on December 28, 1887 in Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany as Friedrich Wilhelm Walter Ruttmann. He was a director and writer, known for Metropolis (1927), Mannesmann - Ein Film der Mannesmannröhren-Werke (1937) and Acciaio (1933). He was married to Christine Margarete Helene ...



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