World War II Generation Directors

by maxwellmcphee | created - 02 Nov 2019 | updated - 3 weeks ago | Public

Directors born from 1901-1927, in order of birth-date.

Some of the most notable directors on this list: 1901 (5) Ub Iwerks Clyde Geronimi Vittorio De Sica Robert Bresson Walt Disney 1902 (5) Max Ophuls William Wyler Leni Riefenstahl Norman Ferguson Emeric Pressburger 1903 (4) Vincente Minnelli Hamilton Luske Yasujiro Ozu Mikhail Kalatozov 1904 (3) Fritz Freleng Jaques Tourneur George Stevens 1905 (3) Michael Powell Robert Stevenson Otto Preminger 1906 (7) Wilfred Jackson Roberto Rosselini Billy Wilder Anthony Mann John Huston Luchino Visconti Carol Reed 1907 (4) Fred Zinnemann Laurence Olivier Jaques Tati Henri Georges Clouzot 1908 (3) Tex Avery Robert Rossen David Lean 1909 (3) Joseph L. Mankiewicz Wolfgang Reitherman Elia Kazan 1910 (3) John Sturges Akira Kurosawa William Hanna 1911 (4) Joseph Barbera Ishiro Honda Nicholas Ray Jules Dassin 1912 (8) Richard Brooks James Algar Samuel Fuller Gene Kelly Alexander Mackendrick Chuck Jones Michelangelo Antonioni Don Siegel 1913 (3) Robert Clampett Frank Tashlin Stanley Kramer 1914 (5) Martin Ritt William Castle Mario Bava J. Lee Thompson Robert Wise 1915 (3) Art Stevens Orson Welles Terence Young 1916 (3) Masaki Kobayashi Bill Melendez Richard Fleischer 1917 (2) Maya Deren Jean-Pierre Melville 1918 (3) Ted Post Ingmar Bergman Robert Aldrich 1919 (1) Ted Berman 1920 (5) Frederico Fellini Michael Anderson Lewis Gilbert Éric Rohmer Franklin J. Schaffner 1921 (2) Satyajit Ray George Roy Hill 1922 (8) Ken Hughes Pier Paolo Pasolini Carl Reiner Russ Meyer Alain Resnais Blake Edwards Guy Hamilton Arthur Penn 1923 (6) Franco Zeffirelli Jun Fukuda Irvin Kershner Mrinal Sen Richard Attenborough Arthur Hiller 1924 (4) Stanley Donen Sidney Lumet Arthur Rankin Jr. Edward D. Wood Jr. 1925 (4) Robert Altman Sam Peckinpah Joseph Sargent John Guillermin 1926 (6) John Schlesinger Andrzej Wajda Jerry Lewis Roger Corman Mel Brooks Norman Jewison 1927 (7) Hiroshi Teshigahara Kenneth Anger Herbert Ross Bob Fosse Ken Russel Stuart Rosenberg Jimmy Sangster

1. Lew Landers

Director | Pacific Liner

Rivaling Sam Newfield and William Beaudine as one of the American film industry's most prolific directors, Lew Landers began directing features in the mid-'30s under his real name of Louis Friedlander, but changed it to Lew Landers after several films. His first effort, The Raven (1935), with Boris...

2. Mikhail Romm

Director | Russkiy vopros

Mikhail Romm was born in 1901, into a Russian-Jewish family, in the Siberian city of Irkutsk, Russia. He served in the Red Army in 1918-21 as an Inspector of the Special Forces for Food Supplies. He was in charge of confiscations of bread and food from the wealthier farmers (kulaks) in Central ...

3. Ken G. Hall

Director | The Exploits of the Emden

Ken G. Hall was born on February 22, 1901 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia as Kenneth George Hall. He was a director and producer, known for The Exploits of the Emden (1928), Vengeance of the Deep (1938) and Wild Innocence (1936). He was married to Irene Addison. He died on February 8, 1994 in...

4. Ub Iwerks

Visual_effects | The Birds

Ub Iwerks worked as a commercial artist in Kansas City in 1919 when he met Walt Disney who was in the same profession. When Disney decided to form an animation company, Ub Iwerks was the first employee he had due to his skill at fast drawing as well as being a personal friend.

When Charles Mintz ...

5. Clyde Geronimi

Director | Cinderella

Clyde Geronimi was born on June 12, 1901 in Chiavenna, Lombardy, Italy as Clito Enrico Geronimi. He is known for his work on Cinderella (1950), Sleeping Beauty (1959) and Peter Pan (1953). He died on April 24, 1989 in Newport Beach, California, USA.

6. Paul Verhoeven

Director | Vergiß die Liebe nicht

Paul Verhoeven was born on June 23, 1901 in Unna, Germany as Paulus Joseph Verhoeven. He was an actor and director, known for Vergiß die Liebe nicht (1953), The Big Shadow (1942) and Du bist nicht allein (1949). He was married to Doris Kiesow. He died on March 22, 1975 in Munich, Bavaria, ...

7. Vittorio De Sica

Director | Ladri di biciclette

Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee ...

8. Len Lye

Director | Crusade in Europe

Len Lye was born on July 5, 1901 in Christchurch, New Zealand. He is known for his work on Crusade in Europe (1949), Stardust (1938) and N or NW (1938). He was married to Annette Zeiss and Jane Florence Winifred Thompson. He died on May 15, 1980 in Warwick, Rhode Island, USA.

9. Robert Bresson

Writer | Journal d'un curé de campagne

Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Public Affairs (1934) in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Angels of Sin (1943) in 1943. His next film, Les ...

10. Lee Strasberg

Actor | The Godfather: Part II

Famed acting teacher Lee Strasberg was born Israel Strassberg in Budzanov, Austria-Hungary (now Budanov, Ukraine). Brought to America as a child, he had a brief acting career, before becoming one of the founders of the Group Theatre in 1931, directing a number of plays there. His greatest influence...

11. Walt Disney

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

Walter Elias Disney was born on December 5, 1901 in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Flora Disney (née Call) and Elias Disney, a Canadian-born farmer and businessperson. He had Irish, German, and English ancestry. Walt moved with his parents to Kansas City at age seven, where he spent the majority of ...

12. Kajirô Yamamoto

Director | Hawai · Maree oki kaisen

Kajirô Yamamoto was born on March 15, 1902 in Tokyo, Japan. He was a director and writer, known for Hawai · Maree oki kaisen (1942), Tôkyô no kyûjitsu (1958) and Haru no kyôen (1947). He died on September 28, 1974 in Japan.

13. Gustav Fröhlich

Actor | Metropolis

Gustav Fröhlich was born on March 21, 1902 in Hanover, Germany. He was an actor and director, known for Metropolis (1927), Leb' wohl, Christina (1945) and His Daughter Is Peter (1955). He was married to Maria Hajek and Gitta Alpar. He died on December 22, 1987 in Lugano, Ticino, Switzerland.

14. Max Ophüls

Director | La ronde

Director Max Ophüls was born Max Oppenheimer in Saarbrücken, Germany. He began his career as a stage actor and director in the golden twenties. He worked in cities such as Stuttgart, Dortmund, Wuppertal, Vienna, Frankfurt, Breslau and Berlin. In 1929 his son Marcel Ophüls was born in Frankfurt, ...

15. Charles Barton

Director | A Man's World

Charles T. Barton was born in Oakland, CA, on May 25, 1902. His father managed a candy store, and soon moved the family to Los Angeles, where Charles, nicknamed "Charlie", got a job at age 15 acting as an extra in silent movies. He eventually left acting for a job behind the camera as an assistant ...

16. William Wyler

Director | The Best Years of Our Lives

William Wyler was an American filmmaker who, at the time of his death in 1981, was considered by his peers as second only to John Ford as a master craftsman of cinema. The winner of three Best Director Academy Awards, second again only to Ford's four, Wyler's reputation has unfairly suffered as the...

17. Leni Riefenstahl

Producer | Das blaue Licht - Eine Berglegende aus den Dolomiten

Leni Riefenstahl's show-biz experience began with an experiment: she wanted to know what it felt like to dance on the stage. Success as a dancer gave way to film acting when she attracted the attention of film director Arnold Fanck, subsequently starring in some of his mountaineering pictures. With...

18. Norman Ferguson

Director | Dumbo

Norman Ferguson was born on September 2, 1902 in Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA as William Norman Ferguson. He is known for his work on Dumbo (1941), Pinocchio (1940) and Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937). He was married to Gladys F. He died on November 4, 1957 in Los Angeles, ...

19. John Houseman

Actor | The Paper Chase

Academy Award-winning actor John Houseman's main contribution to American culture was not his own performances on film but rather, his role as a midwife to one of the greatest actor-directors-cinematic geniuses his adopted country ever produced (Orson Welles) and as a midwife to a whole generation ...

20. Emeric Pressburger

Writer | The Red Shoes

Educated at the Universities of Prague and Stuttgart, Emeric Pressburger worked as a journalist in Hungary and Germany and an author and scriptwriter in Berlin and Paris. He was a Hungarian Jew, chased around Europe (he worked on films for UFA in Berlin and Paris) before World War II, finally ...

21. Robert D. Webb

Assistant_director | In Old Chicago

Robert Webb comes from a long list of Hollywood notables. His brother, Millard Webb was a silent movie director who was married to dancer Mary Eaton. Robert's sister, Bethel Webb Hoffman was a silent movie actress; while her son and Robert's nephew, Bud Hoffman was a Film Editor at Universal ...

22. Vincente Minnelli

Director | An American in Paris

Born Lester Anthony Minnelli in Chicago on February 28 1903, his father Vincent was a musical conductor of the Minnelli Brothers' Tent Theater. Wanting to pursue an artistic career, Minelli worked in the costume department of the Chicago Theater, then on Broadway during the depression as a set ...

23. Hiroshi Shimizu

Director | Kanzashi

The director was the subject of a retrospective when ten of his films were screened at the 2003 Tokyo Filmex. The event coincided with what would have been Shimizu's hundredth birthday.

24. Eugène Lourié

Production_designer | The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms

Russian-born French art director and director who gained a significant reputation, particularly as a collaborator with director Jean Renoir. At the age of sixteen, Lourié went to Paris where he studied painting and stage design. He designed sets and costumes for various ballet companies before ...

26. Luis César Amadori

Director | Madreselva

Luis César Amadori was born on May 28, 1903 in Pescara, Abruzzo, Italy. He was a director and writer, known for Honeysuckle (1938), Naked Passion (1953) and Almafuerte (1949). He was married to Zully Moreno. He died on June 5, 1977 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

27. Bob Hope

Actor | The Ghost Breakers

Comedian Bob Hope was born Leslie Townes Hope in Eltham, London, England, the fifth of seven sons of Avis (Townes), light opera singer, and William Henry Hope, a stonemason from Weston-super-Mare, Somerset. His maternal grandmother was Welsh. Hope moved to Bristol before emigrating with his parents...

28. John English

Director | Captain America

Second-feature director, began his directing career at Republic in 1935 then moved to Columbia, eventually partnering with director William Witney to make what many serial aficionados regard as the best serials to ever come out of Hollywood. Went over to Columbia Pictures, where he was under ...

29. Hamilton Luske

Director | Cinderella

Hamilton Luske was born on October 16, 1903 in Chicago, Illinois, USA as Hamilton Somers Luske. He is known for his work on Cinderella (1950), Pinocchio (1940) and Mary Poppins (1964). He was married to Frances Mary Crabb. He died on February 19, 1968 in Bel Air, California, USA.

30. Yasujirô Ozu

Director | Tôkyô monogatari

Tokyo-born Yasujiro Ozu was a movie buff from childhood, often playing hooky from school in order to see Hollywood movies in his local theatre. In 1923 he landed a job as a camera assistant at Shochiku Studios in Tokyo. Three years later, he was made an assistant director and directed his first ...

31. Norman Foster

Director | Letter to Loretta

Norman Foster was born on December 13, 1903 in Richmond, Indiana, USA as Norman Foster Hoeffer. He was a director and actor, known for The Loretta Young Show (1953), I Cover Chinatown (1936) and Mr. Moto Takes a Vacation (1939). He was married to Sally Blane and Claudette Colbert. He died on July 7...

32. Mikhail Kalatozov

Director | Letyat zhuravli

Mikhail Kalatozov was born on December 28, 1903 in Tiflis, Russian Empire [now Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia] as Mikhail Kalatozishvili. He was a director and cinematographer, known for The Cranes Are Flying (1957), True Friends (1954) and Zagovor obrechyonnykh (1950). He died on March 27, 1973 in ...

33. John Farrow

Writer | Around the World in 80 Days

John Farrow wrote short stories and plays during his four-year career in the navy. In the late 1920s he came to Hollywood as a technical advisor for a film about Marines and stayed as a screenwriter, from A Sailor's Sweetheart (1927) through Tarzan Escapes (1936). He married Tarzan's Jane, Maureen ...

34. Terence Fisher

Director | Dracula

Terence Fisher was born in Maida Vale, England, in 1904. Raised by his grandmother in a strict Christian Scientist environment, Fisher left school while still in his teens to join the Merchant Marine. By his own account he soon discovered that a life at sea was not for him, so he left the service ...

35. Peter Lorre

Actor | M - Eine Stadt sucht einen Mörder

Peter Lorre was born László Löwenstein in Rózsahegy in the Slovak area of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the son of Hungarian Jewish parents. He learned both Hungarian and German languages from birth, and was educated in elementary and secondary schools in the Austria-Hungary capitol Vienna, but did ...

36. Friz Freleng

Producer | ABC Afterschool Specials

Friz Freleng was born Isadore Freleng on August 21, 1906 in Kansas City, Missouri. With no formal training in drawing, his first job as an animator was with United Film Advancement Services in 1924 at the age of 17. The first work Friz is credited with was for Disney Studios where he worked as an ...

37. Edgar G. Ulmer

Director | The Black Cat

Edgar G. Ulmer was born on September 17, 1904 in Olmütz, Moravia, Austria-Hungary [now Olomouc, Czech Republic] as Edgar George Ulmer. He was a director and writer, known for The Black Cat (1934), The Naked Dawn (1955) and Isle of Forgotten Sins (1943). He was married to Shirley Ulmer and Joan ...

38. Jacques Tourneur

Director | Out of the Past

Born in Paris in 1904, Tourneur went to Hollywood with his father, director Maurice Tourneur around 1913. He started out as a script clerk and editor for his father, then graduated to such jobs as directing shorts (often with the pseudonym Jack Turner), both in France and America. He was hired to ...

39. H.C. Potter

Director | Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House

H.C. Potter was born on November 13, 1904 in New York City, New York, USA as Henry Codman Potter. He was a director and writer, known for Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House (1948), The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle (1939) and Second Chorus (1940). He was married to Lucilla Annie Wylie. He died...

40. George Stevens

Director | Giant

George Stevens, a filmmaker known as a meticulous craftsman with a brilliant eye for composition and a sensitive touch with actors, is one of the great American filmmakers, ranking with John Ford, William Wyler and Howard Hawks as a creator of classic Hollywood cinema, bringing to the screen ...

41. Robert Stevenson

Director | Mary Poppins

Robert Stevenson was born on March 31, 1905 in Buxton, Derbyshire, England as Robert Edward Stevenson. He was a director and writer, known for Mary Poppins (1964), Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971) and Nine Days a Queen (1936). He was married to Ursula Henderson, Frances Holyoke Howard, Anna Lee and ...

42. Jean Vigo

Writer | Zéro de conduite: Jeunes diables au collège

Jean Vigo had bad health since he was a child. Son of anarchist militant Miguel Almareyda, he also never really recovered from his father's mysterious death in jail when he was 12. Abandoned by his mother, he passed from boarding school to boarding school. Aged 23, through meetings with people ...

43. Mikio Naruse

Director | Ukigumo

Considered a major figure of Japan's 'golden age of cinema', Mikio Naruse was a filmmaker, screenwriter, and producer who directed 89 films in the period 1930 to 1967. Although Naruse's work is lesser known in the twenty-first century than those of his contemporaries Akira Kurosawa, Kenji Mizoguchi...

44. Michael Powell

Director | The Red Shoes

The son of Thomas William Powell and Mabel (nee Corbett). Michael Powell was always a self-confessed movie addict. He was brought up partly in Canterbury ("The Garden of England") and partly in the south of France (where his parents ran a hotel). Educated at Kings School, Canterbury and Dulwich ...

45. Otto Preminger

Director | Anatomy of a Murder

Otto Ludwig Preminger was born in Wiznitz, Bukovina, Austria-Hungary. His father was a prosecutor, and Otto originally intended to follow his father into a law career; however, he fell in love with the theater in his 20's and became one of the most imaginative stage producers and directors. He was ...

46. Dalton Trumbo

Writer | Roman Holiday

Dalton Trumbo, the Oscar-winning screenwriter, arguably the most talented, most famous of the blacklisted film professionals known to history as the Hollywood 10, was born in Montrose, Colorado to Orus Trumbo and his wife, the former Maud Tillery.

Dalton Trumbo was raised at 1124 Gunnison Ave. in ...

47. Howard Hughes

Scarface

Billionaire businessman, film producer, film director, and aviator, born in Humble, Texas just north of Houston. He studied at two prestigious institutions of higher learning: Rice University in Houston and California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California. Inherited his father's machine ...

48. Lewis Allen

Director | The 20th Century-Fox Hour

Born in England on Christmas Day, 1905, Lewis Allen first came on the show-biz scene when he was appointed executive in charge of West End and Broadway stage productions for famed impresario Gilbert Miller. Allen also co-directed some of the productions (including the celebrated "Victoria Regina" ...

49. Wilfred Jackson

Director | Cinderella

Wilfred Jackson was born on January 24, 1906 in Chicago, Illinois, USA as Wilfred Emmons Jackson. He is known for his work on Cinderella (1950), Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) and Peter Pan (1953). He died on August 7, 1988 in Balboa Island, Newport Beach, California, USA.

50. Terry O. Morse

Director | Fog Island

His experience as an editor and director led him into becoming one of the industry's "film doctors" who would save troubled productions through editing and, when necessary, directing additional footage.

51. Roberto Rossellini

Writer | Roma città aperta

The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American ...

52. Billy Wilder

Writer | The Apartment

Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929 and wrote scripts for many ...

53. Anthony Mann

Director | El Cid

Anthony Mann was born on June 30, 1906 in San Diego, California, USA as Emil Anton Bundesmann. He was a director and writer, known for El Cid (1961), Men in War (1957) and The Glenn Miller Story (1954). He was married to Anna, Sara Montiel and Mildred Mann. He died on April 29, 1967 in London, ...

54. John Huston

Director | The Treasure of the Sierra Madre

An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry was English,...

55. Marcel Carné

Director | Thérèse Raquin

Marcel Carné, the son of a cabinet maker, entered the movies as the assistant of Jacques Feyder. At the age of 25 he directed his first movie Jenny (1936). Colaborating with the writer Jacques Prévert, the decorator Alexandre Trauner, the musician and composer Maurice Jaubert and the actor Jean ...

56. Jacques Becker

Writer | Le trou

His interest in films was stimulated by a meeting with King Vidor, who offered him employment in the US as actor and assistant director. However, he remained in France and became assistant to Jean Renoir, a friend of the family, during that director's peak period (1932-39). In 1934 he ventured ...

57. René Cardona

Director | Santa Claus

René Cardona was born on October 8, 1906 in Havana, Cuba as René Cardona Andre. He was a director and actor, known for Santa Claus (1959), Don Juan Tenorio (1937) and Neutron Traps the Invisible Killers (1965). He was married to Julieta Zacarías. He died on April 25, 1988 in Mexico City, Mexico.

58. Luchino Visconti

Writer | Morte a Venezia

Luchino Visconti was born on November 2, 1906 in Milan, Lombardy, Italy as Luchino Visconti di Modrone. He was a writer and director, known for Death in Venice (1971), Rocco and His Brothers (1960) and Le Notti Bianche (1957). He died on March 17, 1976 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.

59. Carol Reed

Director | The Third Man

Carol Reed was the second son of stage actor, dramatics teacher and impresario founder of the Royal School of Dramatic Art Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree. Reed was one of Tree's six illegitimate children with Beatrice Mae Pinney, who Tree established in a second household apart from his married life. ...

60. Sheldon Leonard

Producer | Make Room for Daddy

Sheldon Leonard was born in New York City's lower Manhattan, the son of Jewish parents. He studied acting at Syracuse University and, after graduating, landed a job on Wall Street. Following the Wall Street crash of 1929, he found himself unemployed and resolved to become a professional actor on ...

61. Joseph H. Lewis

Director | Gun Crazy

The term "style over content" fits director Joseph H. Lewis like a glove. His ability to elevate basically mundane and mediocre low-budget material to sublime cinematic art has gained him a substantial cult following among movie buffs. The Bonnie & Clyde look-alike Gun Crazy (1950), shot in 30 days...

62. Fred Zinnemann

Director | A Man for All Seasons

Initially grew up wanting to be a violinist, but while at the University of Vienna decided to study law. While doing so, he became increasingly interested in American film and decided that was what he wanted to do. He became involved in European filmaking for a short time before going to America to...

63. Laurence Olivier

Actor | Sleuth

Laurence Olivier could speak William Shakespeare's lines as naturally as if he were "actually thinking them", said English playwright Charles Bennett, who met Olivier in 1927. Laurence Kerr Olivier was born in Dorking, Surrey, England, to Agnes Louise (Crookenden) and Gerard Kerr Olivier, a High ...

64. John Wayne

Actor | True Grit

John Wayne was born Marion Robert Morrison in Iowa, to Mary Alberta (Brown) and Clyde Leonard Morrison, a pharmacist. He was of English, Ulster-Scots, and Irish ancestry.

Clyde developed a lung condition that required him to move his family from Iowa to the warmer climate of southern California, ...

65. Jacques Tati

Writer | Playtime

The comic genius Jacques Tati was born Taticheff, descended from a noble Russian family. His grandfather, Count Dimitri, had been a general in the Imperial Army and had served as military attaché to the Russian Embassy in Paris. His father, Emmanuel Taticheff, was a well-to-do picture framer who ...

66. Nathan Juran

Director | The 7th Voyage of Sinbad

Austrian-born Nathan Juran was a professional architect before entering the film industry as an art director in 1937. He won an Academy Award for art direction on How Green Was My Valley (1941). World War II interrupted his film career, and he spent his war years with the OSS. Returning to ...

67. Henri-Georges Clouzot

Writer | Le salaire de la peur

Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau (1943) banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to ...

68. Gordon Douglas

Director | Them!

Starting out as a child actor, Gordon Douglas was eventually hired by Hal Roach as a gag writer. His first directorial assignments were for Roach's "Our Gang" series. Graduating to features, Douglas stayed with comedies, directing Oliver Hardy in Zenobia (1939) and both Hardy and Stan Laurel in ...

69. Alexander Hammid

Director | Power Among Men

Alexander Hammid was born on December 17, 1907 in Linz, Austria-Hungary [now Upper Austria, Austria] as Alexander Siegfried Georg Smahel. He was a director and cinematographer, known for Power Among Men (1959), Crisis (1939) and Meshes of the Afternoon (1943). He was married to Hella Heyman and ...

70. Fred M. Wilcox

Director | Forbidden Planet

Fred McLeod Wilcox was born in Tazewell, VA, on December 22, 1906, one of six children born to James Wilcox, a Kentucky optometrist and drugstore owner, who was married six times (twice to one woman). His six children were from his first wife.

Wilcox's six siblings (his father adopted his niece ...

71. Paul Henreid

Actor | Casablanca

Paul Henreid was born Paul Georg Julius Freiherr von Hernreid Ritter von Wasel-Waldingau in Trieste, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He was the son of Marie Luise Heilig (Lendecke) and Baron Karl Alphons Hernreid. His father was an aristocratic banker, who was born to a Jewish family whose surname ...

72. Jean Delannoy

Director | Dieu a besoin des hommes

Jean Delannoy began his film career in the 1920s as an actor. By the 1930s he had switched careers and become an editor, then a short-subjects director. By the mid-'30s he was a full-fledged director, and soon garnered a reputation as a sensitive, understated craftsman with a thorough command of ...

73. George Pal

Producer | The War of the Worlds

George Pal was born on February 1, 1908, in Cegled, Austria-Hungary. Later, when he was still a child, his stage-entertainer parents divorced, and he was raised by his grandparents.

In 1928, Pal graduated from the Budapest Academy of Arts with a degree in Architecture and highly developed drawing ...

74. Philip Dunne

Writer | Ten North Frederick

Philip Dunne was born on February 11, 1908 in New York City, New York, USA. He was a writer and director, known for Ten North Frederick (1958), The Last of the Mohicans (1992) and David and Bathsheba (1951). He was married to Amanda Duff. He died on June 2, 1992 in Malibu, California, USA.

75. John Mills

Actor | Great Expectations

Sir John Mills, one of the most popular and beloved English actors, was born Lewis Ernest Watts Mills on February 22, 1908, at the Watts Naval Training College in North Elmham, Norfolk, England. The young Mills grew up in Felixstowe, Suffolk, where his father was a mathematics teacher and his ...

76. Tex Avery

Director | A Wild Hare

Tex Avery was a descendant of Judge Roy Bean and Daniel Boone, but all his grandma ever told him about it was "Don't ever mention you are kin to Roy Bean. He's a no good skunk!!" After graduating from North Dallas High School in 1927, Avery moved to Southern California in 1929 and got a job in the ...

77. Robert Rossen

Writer | The Hustler

Robert Rossen was born on March 16, 1908 in New York City, New York, USA as Robert Rosen. He was a writer and director, known for The Hustler (1961), All the King's Men (1949) and Lilith (1964). He was married to Sarah (Sue) Siegel. He died on February 18, 1966 in New York City.

78. David Lean

Director | Lawrence of Arabia

An important British filmmaker, David Lean was born in Croydon on March 25, 1908 and brought up in a strict Quaker family (ironically, as a child he wasn't allowed to go to the movies). During the 1920s, he briefly considered the possibility of becoming an accountant like his father before finding ...

79. Kurt Neumann

Director | Rocketship X-M

His biggest box-office hit was The Fly (1958), but he didn't know it. He died a month after the premiere, and a week before it went into general release.

80. George Sherman

Director | Storm Over Lisbon

American second feature director George Sherman arrived in California aboard the SS Mongolia (bound from New York City, where he was born), on which he served as a bellboy. He began his career in the movie business in the mail room at Warner Brothers before working his way up to assistant director....

81. Edward Dmytryk

Director | The Caine Mutiny

Edward Dmytryk grew up in San Francisco, the son of Ukrainian immigrants. After his mother died when he was 6, his strict disciplinarian father beat the boy frequently, and the child began running away while in his early teens. Eventually, juvenile authorities allowed him to live alone at the age ...

82. Joshua Logan

Writer | Fanny

Joshua Logan started directing plays while he was still at Princeton and among the first actors he directed were Henry Fonda and James Stewart. His graduation from Princeton was delayed to accompany a classmate to Russia to study with Konstantin Stanislavski, inventor of "method acting". ...

83. Manoel de Oliveira

Director | Os Canibais

Manoel de Oliveira was born on December 11, 1908 in Oporto, Portugal as Manoel Candido Pinto de Oliveira. He was a director and writer, known for Os Canibais (1988), I'm Going Home (2001) and Christopher Columbus, the Enigma (2007). He was married to Maria Isabel Brandão de Meneses de Almeida ...

84. Joseph Losey

Director | The Servant

Belonging to an important family clan in Wisconsin, Joseph Losey studied philosophy but was always interested in theater and thus worked together with Bertolt Brecht. After directing some shorts for MGM, he made his first important film, The Boy with Green Hair (1948), for RKO. While he was filming ...

85. Joseph L. Mankiewicz

Writer | All About Eve

Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on February 11, 1909, Joseph Leo Mankiewicz first worked for the movies as a translator of intertitles, employed by Paramount in Berlin, the UFA's American distributor at the time (1928). He became a dialoguist, then a screenwriter on numerous Paramount ...

86. Abner Biberman

Actor | His Girl Friday

Abner Biberman was born on April 1, 1909 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA as Abner Warren Biberman. He was a director and actor, known for His Girl Friday (1940), Winchester '73 (1950) and Gunga Din (1939). He was married to Sibil Kamban (editor), Helen Churchill Dalby and Tolbie Snyderman. He died on ...

87. Errol Flynn

Actor | The Adventures of Robin Hood

Errol Flynn was born to parents Theodore Flynn, a respected biologist, and Marrelle Young, an adventurous young woman. Young Flynn was a rambunctious child who could be counted on to find trouble. Errol managed to have himself thrown out of every school in which he was enrolled. In his late teens ...

88. Wolfgang Reitherman

Director | The AristoCats

Wolfgang Reitherman was a German-born American animator who was one of Disney's Nine Old Men.

He began working for Disney in 1933, along with future Disney legends Ward Kimball and Milt Kahl. The three worked together on a number of classic Disney shorts.

Reitherman directed several Disney animated ...

89. Elia Kazan

Director | On the Waterfront

Known for his creative stage direction, Elia Kazan was born Elias Kazantzoglou on September 7, 1909 in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (now Istanbul, Turkey). Noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors, he directed 21 actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He ...

90. Leonard Sachs

Actor | Thunderball

Leonard Sachs was born on September 26, 1909 in Roodeport, Transvaal, South Africa as Leonard Meyer Sachs. He was an actor and director, known for Thunderball (1965), John Wesley (1954) and The Men of Sherwood Forest (1954). He was married to Eleanor Summerfield. He died on June 15, 1990 in ...

91. Sadao Yamanaka

Writer | Kuchibue o fuku bushi

He was one of eight Japanese filmmakers who was part of the Nautaki Gumi (Narutaki Gang), which was named after the area of Kyoto where they all lived and worked under the joint pseudonym of Kimpachi Kajiwara.

92. David Miller

Director | The Story of Esther Costello

Directed 3 actors to Oscar nominations: Joan Crawford (Best Actress, Sudden Fear (1952)), Jack Palance (Best Supporting Actor, Sudden Fear (1952)), and Bobby Darin (Best Supporting Actor, Captain Newman, M.D. (1963)).

93. John Sturges

Director | The Great Escape

John Sturges was an American film director, mostly remembered for his outstanding Western films. In 1992, Sturges was awarded a Golden Boot Award for his lifelong contribution to the Western genre.

Sturges was born in the village of Oak Park, Illinois, within the Chicago metropolitan area. By 1930, ...

94. Akira Kurosawa

Writer | Kakushi-toride no san-akunin

After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata (1943). Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater...

95. William Hanna

Producer | ABC Afterschool Specials

William Hanna was an animator, film director, and television producer. He was the co-founder of the company Hanna-Barbera, with his longtime partner Joseph Barbera.

Hanna was born in an Irish-American family, son of William John Hanna (1873-1949) and his wife Avice Joyce Denby. He was born in ...

96. Motoyoshi Oda

Director | Gigantis: The Fire Monster

An English major who graduated from Waseda University, one of Japan's most prestigious, in 1935, Motoyoshi Oda was promptly accepted into the directors' program at Tokyo's P.C.L. (Photo Chemical Laboratories, a film company later incorporated into Toho Studios). He studied under director Kajiro ...

97. Charles Crichton

Director | A Fish Called Wanda

Director Charles Crichton's film career began as an editor in 1935 with Alexander Korda's London Films, and in that capacity he worked on such productions as Sanders of the River (1935), Things to Come (1936) and Elephant Boy (1937) (which introduced Sabu to movie audiences). He soon left London ...

98. Robert McKimson

Writer | Speedy Gonzales

Robert McKimson was born on October 13, 1910. He started his career in animation, along with many others, as an artist for Walt Disney's Oswald the Rabbit in 1928. After Disney went to produce Mickey Mouse cartoons, Hugh Harman & Rudolph Ising went to Warner Brothers to direct and co-produce ...

99. Charles A. Nichols

Animation_department | Pinocchio

Charles August "Nick" Nichols was an American animator and film director. He was born in Milford, Utah, a small ranching town.

Nichols started his career at the Dsney studio. His first film credit was for the film "Pinocchio" (1940), where he animated the villainous Coachman. He served as a film ...

100. Karel Zeman

Writer | Baron Prásil

Karel Zeman was a Czech film director, screenwriter, and animator. He is primarily remembered for creating fantasy and science fiction films which combined live-action and animation.

In 1910, Zeman was born in the village of Ostromer in Austria-Hungary. The village is located near the town of Nova ...



Recently Viewed