Basil Rathbone Poster


Jump to: Overview (5)  | Mini Bio (1)  | Family (4)  | Trade Mark (6)  | Trivia (47)  | Personal Quotes (5)  | Salary (5)

Overview (5)

Born in Johannesburg, South Africa
Died in New York City, New York, USA  (heart attack)
Birth NamePhilip St. John Basil Rathbone
Nickname Ratters
Height 6' 1½" (1.87 m)

Mini Bio (1)

Basil Rathbone was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, in 1892, but three years later his family was forced to flee the country because his father was accused by the Boers of being a British spy at a time when Dutch-British conflicts were leading to the Boer War. The Rathbones escaped to England, where Basil and his two younger siblings, Beatrice and John, were raised. Their mother, Anna Barbara (George), was a violinist, who was born in Grahamstown, South Africa, of British parents, and their father, Edgar Philip Rathbone, was a mining engineer born in Liverpool. From 1906 to 1910 Rathbone attended Repton School, where he was more interested in sports--especially fencing, at which he excelled--than studies, but where he also discovered his interest in the theater. After graduation he planned to pursue acting as a profession, but his father disapproved and suggested that his son try working in business for a year, hoping he would forget about acting. Rathbone accepted his father's suggestion and worked as a clerk for an insurance company--for exactly one year. Then he contacted his cousin Frank Benson, an actor managing a Shakespearean troupe in Stratford-on-Avon.

Rathbone was hired as an actor on the condition that he work his way through the ranks, which he did quite rapidly. Starting in bit parts in 1911, he was playing juvenile leads within two years. In 1915 his career was interrupted by the First World War. During his military service, as a second lieutenant in the Liverpool Scottish 2nd Battalion, he worked in intelligence and received the Military Cross for bravery. In 1919, released from military service, he returned to Stratford-on-Avon and continued with Shakespeare but after a year moved onto the London stage. The year after that he made his first appearance on Broadway and his film debut in the silent Innocent (1921).

For the remainder of the decade Rathbone alternated between the London and New York stages and occasional appearances in films. In 1929 he co-wrote and starred as the title character in a short-running Broadway play called "Judas". Soon afterwards he abandoned his first love, the theater, for a film career. During the 1920s his roles had evolved from the romantic lead to the suave lady-killer to the sinister villain (usually wielding a sword), and Hollywood put him to good use during the 1930s in numerous costume romps, including Captain Blood (1935), David Copperfield (1935), A Tale of Two Cities (1935), Anna Karenina (1935), The Last Days of Pompeii (1935), The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938), Tower of London (1939), The Mark of Zorro (1940) and others. Rathbone earned two Oscar nominations for Best Supporting Actor as Tybalt in Romeo and Juliet (1936) and as King Louis XI in If I Were King (1938).

However, it was in 1939 that Rathbone played his best-known and most popular character, Sherlock Holmes, with Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson, first in The Hound of the Baskervilles (1939) and then in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1939), which were followed by 12 more films and numerous radio broadcasts over the next seven years.

Feeling that his identification with the character was killing his film career, Rathbone went back to New York and the stage in 1946. The next year he won a Tony Award for his portrayal of Dr. Sloper in the Broadway play "The Heiress," but afterwards found little rewarding stage work. Nevertheless, during the last two decades of his life, Rathbone was a very busy actor, appearing on numerous television shows, primarily drama, variety and game shows; in occasional films, such as Casanova's Big Night (1954), The Court Jester (1955), Tales of Terror (1962) and The Comedy of Terrors (1963); and in his own one-man show, "An Evening with Basil Rathbone", with which he toured the U.S.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Lyn Hammond

Family (4)

Spouse Ouida Bergère (18 April 1926 - 21 July 1967)  (his death)  (1 child)
Ethel Marion Foreman (13 October 1914 - 1926)  (divorced)  (1 child)
Children John Rodion
Cynthia Rathbone
Parents Edgar Philip Rathbone
Anna Barbara Rathbone
Relatives Horace Rathbone (sibling)
John Rathbone (sibling)
Beatrice Rathbone (sibling)
Heloise Rodion (grandchild)
Dounia Rodion (grandchild)
Richard Rodion (grandchild)

Trade Mark (6)

Best known for playing suave villains in period swashbuckler films, such as The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) and Captain Blood (1935).
Best known for his roles in horror films, particularly those made by Universal Studios
Best known for his fencing skills as the greatest swordsman in Hollywood history
He is credited with creating the definitive screen interpretation of Sherlock Holmes, his only rival generally conceded to be Jeremy Brett's interpretation of the fictional detective.
Dramatic readings
Deep smooth voice

Trivia (47)

Had one son with Ethel Marion Foreman: John Rodion.
Had one daughter with Ouida Bergère: Cynthia Rathbone (1939-69).
Nominated for a Best Supporting Actor Oscar twice and lost both times to the same actor, Walter Brennan. The pair of them were the first actors to be nominated for Best Supporting Actor twice.
Distant cousin of Maj. Henry Rathbone, who was part of President Abraham Lincoln's theater party the night he was assassinated. Maj. Rathbone himself was stabbed by John Wilkes Booth as the latter was escaping, but the wound was not fatal. Rathbone later married Clara Harris, who was also in the Lincoln party, but he killed her in an insane rage on December 23, 1883 and spent the rest of his life in an insane asylum. He had suffered from what would now be characterized as a form of PTSD ever since the assassination.
Had portrayed the title character on Blue (1939-42) and Mutual (1943-46) Radio's "The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes".
Interred at Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, NY.
Cousin of actor/manager Sir Frank R. Benson.
Won Broadway's 1948 Tony Award as Best Actor (Dramatic) for his performance as Dr. Sloper in the original Broadway production of "The Heiress". The award was shared with Henry Fonda for "Mister Roberts" and Paul Kelly for "Command Decision".
Was so frequently typecast as a villain that he literally jumped at the first few opportunities he ever got to play Sherlock Holmes because "for once, I got to beat the bad guy instead of play him". Indeed, he played the legendary heroic detective more than any other character in his career. However, by 1946 he had become so sick of the role that he quit his Sherlock Holmes film series and temporarily returned to the Broadway stage. Over the course of his career he had played the super sleuth in 14 films and over 200 radio plays.
Although he has been immortalized as a screen villain, before he played Murdstone in 1935 he had never played a villain and was known, both on film and stage, exclusively as a matinée idol and romantic leading man.
Fought in the British Army during World War I and was awarded the Military Cross for bravery under fire.
His final appearance as Sherlock Holmes was in a play written by his wife Ouida Bergère, appropriately titled "Sherlock Holmes". The production opened on Broadway on October 30, 1953, and lasted only three performances.
Is generally considered the greatest swordsman in Hollywood history, superior even to on-screen foes Errol Flynn and Tyrone Power. However, because he was so frequently cast as the villain, he won only two on-screen duels in his career--as Tybalt in Romeo and Juliet (1936), for which he earned an Oscar nomination, and as Capt. Esteban Pascuale against the friar (Eugene Pallette), who was so outclassed by "the Capitan" he was harmlessly disarmed in a matter of seconds, in The Mark of Zorro (1940). His last, filmed when the actor was 63, was with Danny Kaye in The Court Jester (1955). It is considered by some the best sword fight ever filmed.
He campaigned in vain for the role of Lord Henry Wotton in the film adaptation of Oscar Wilde's novel The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945). He believed that his typecasting as Sherlock Holmes cost him the role and was a contributing factor in his leaving the Universal series.
Although earlier in his career he had quit playing Sherlock Holmes out of disgust at what he thought was typecasting, later in life he began appearing as Holmes on television and in several movies, and even wrote (along with his wife) a play about Holmes, in which he played the character on stage. That this represented a change of heart seems unlikely, though, as until his death he expressed hostility to his identification as Sherlock. It probably can be explained by Rathbone's chronic lack of money and a need to exploit his previous fame.
He was awarded three Stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame: for Motion Pictures at 6549 Hollywood Blvd., for Radio at 6300 Hollywood Blvd. and for Television at 6915 Hollywood Blvd.
Never renounced his British citizenship and was a lifelong member of the Conservative party.
Was related by marriage to the famous Huxley family. His wife's niece, Ouida Branch, whom they brought up from an early age, married David Bruce Huxley, the brother of famed writers Aldous Huxley and Julian Huxley and Nobel Prize-winning scientist Andrew Huxley.
British Army Fencing Champion.
The Sherlock Holmes-esque Basil of Baker Street in The Great Mouse Detective (1986) is named after Rathbone, who was perhaps best known for the many times he played Sherlock Holmes.
Distant relative of Julian Rathbone.
Was a firm believer in ESP. When he was four his parents booked passage on a ship taking them from South Africa to Britain. His mother had a dream that the ship would sink in the Bay of Biscay and convinced her husband that they take a later boat. The ship on which they were originally to have sailed sank with the loss of all aboard.
Was the favorite choice of Gone with the Wind (1939) author Margaret Mitchell to play the role of Rhett Butler.
The Rathbones were a Hollywood exception in that they remained a happily married couple for more than four decades. During their heyday in Hollywood they were known to host the most lavish epicurean parties. For many years they (and their six dogs) lived in a house in the Los Feliz Hills overlooking Hollywood, which had once been owned by prizefighter Jack Dempsey and his wife, Estelle Taylor.
He has two roles in common with Tom Baker: (1) Rathbone played Sir Guy of Gisbourne in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) while Baker played him in The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood (1984) and (2) Rathbone played Sherlock Holmes in 14 films from The Hound of the Baskervilles (1939) to Dressed to Kill (1946) and Baker played him in The Hound of the Baskervilles (1982).
Is one of 13 actors who have received an Academy Award nomination for his portrayal of a real-life king. The others in chronological order are Charles Laughton for The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933), Robert Morley for Marie Antoinette (1938), Laurence Olivier for Henry V (1944) and Richard III (1955), José Ferrer for Joan of Arc (1948), Yul Brynner for The King and I (1956), John Gielgud for Becket (1964), Peter O'Toole for Becket (1964) and The Lion in Winter (1968), Robert Shaw for A Man for All Seasons (1966), Richard Burton for Anne of the Thousand Days (1969), Kenneth Branagh for Henry V (1989), Nigel Hawthorne for The Madness of King George (1994), and Colin Firth for The King's Speech (2010).
When the UK declared war on Germany in 1939, he wrote to the British War Office to enlist. However he received a letter which explained to him that he was too old.
His good friend Jack Miltern, who also loved Rathbone's wife Ouida, lived together with them in a cottage, until Miltern was killed in a hit-and-run accident.
Was in five films that were nominated for Best Picture Oscars: David Copperfield (1935), A Tale of Two Cities (1935), Captain Blood (1935), Romeo and Juliet (1936) and The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938).
Mentioned in The Ghost Breakers (1945).
He openly expressed his dislike for always being identified as Holmes, during his latter years.
His interpretation of Sherlock Holmes is widely considered one of the best, out of all the actors who have played the role.
He was due to appear in 'Blood Beast Terror' (1968) with Peter Cushing but died before filming started.
Was devastated by the sudden passing of his close associate, Nigel Bruce. Till his dying day, Basil Rathbone never fully recovered from his loss.
The actor played every major character from Shakespeare during his long stage career.
To this day, Basil Rathbone is viewed as the definitive Sherlock Holmes.
Reacted with annoyance when asked to sign an autograph in the name of Sherlock Holmes.
Played Holmes on radio in over 200 episodes. Most of the stories were set in contemporary times, just like with the "Universal" films.
Contrary to popular belief, Basil Rathbone played the Baker Street sleuth in a total of 14 movies and not 16.
His autobiography "In and Out of Character," was written in 1956 but not published until 1961.
As the actor was leaving for France during the first world war, his parents were on hand to wave him off at the railway station.
Practiced fencing 4 days a week.
Before training as an actor, Basil Rathbone worked as a clerk for an insurance company. This vocation lasted a year.
He has appeared in three films that have been selected for the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant: The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938), The Mark of Zorro (1940) and The Court Jester (1955).
He died on the day of his only son's 52 birthday.
He and Tyrone Power were two of Hollywood's most accomplished fencing masters but for safety reasons preferred duelling with their fencing instructors for scenes which didn't include close ups of both stars.

Personal Quotes (5)

When you become the character you portray, it's the end of your career as an actor.
Never regret anything you have done with a sincere affection; nothing is lost that is born of the heart.
[on how he was awarded his Military Cross] All I did, old man, was disguise myself as a tree--that's correct, a tree--and cross no man's land to gather a bit of information from the German lines. I have not since been called upon to play a tree.
[from a private letter written when he was serving in World War I] Out here, we step over death every day. We stand next to it while we drink our tea. It's commonplace and ordinary. People who had lives and tried to hold on to them and didn't, and now slump and stare and melt slowly to nothing. You meet their eyes, or what used to be their eyes and you feel ashamed. And now Johnny is one of them. That's an end of it. Grieving is only ridiculous in this place. It could be me today or tomorrow and I shouldn't want anyone to bother grieving over that.
Sometimes I just crave to play in [William Shakespeare (I)] again and I know and love playing Orlando so much.

Salary (5)

Captain Blood (1935) $5,000 /week
Son of Frankenstein (1939) $3,500 /week
Rhythm on the River (1940) $33 .333
The Pearl of Death (1944) $20 .000
Hillbillys in a Haunted House (1967) $10,000

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