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Robert Donat Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (5)  | Mini Bio (2)  | Spouse (2)  | Trivia (23)  | Personal Quotes (4)  | Salary (1)

Overview (5)

Born in Withington, Manchester, England, UK
Died in London, England, UK  (cerebral thrombosis due to brain tumor)
Birth NameFriederich Robert Donat
Nicknames Don
Fritz
Height 6' (1.83 m)

Mini Bio (2)

Robert Donat's pleasant voice and somewhat neutral English accent were carefully honed as a boy because he had a stammer and took elocution lessons starting at age 11 to overcome the impediment. It was not too surprising that freedom from such a vocal embarrassment was encouragement to act. His other handicap, acute asthma, did not deter him. At the age of 16 he began performing Shakespeare and other classic roles in a number of repertory and touring companies throughout Britain. In 1924 he joined Sir Frank Benson's repertory company, and later he was with the Liverpool Repertory Theater.

His work was finally noticed by Alexander Korda, who gave him a three-year film contract. Three minor films were followed by his role as Katherine Howard's lover, Thomas Culpepper, in the hit The Private Life of Henry VIII. (1933). Donat's style of acting, whether comic or dramatic, was usually reserved, with the subtleties of face and voice being his talents to complement the role. A top draw in Britain, he went to Hollywood for The Count of Monte Cristo (1934), but he did not care for the Hollywood scene--the fishbowl lifestyle of the movie star. "Cristo" gave him the opportunity for Captain Blood (1935), but he eventually declined. (With a nod to hindsight, it is hard to think of anyone but a fresh-faced Flynn doing the role.) Although he would have contracts with MGM, Warner Bros. and RKO through the remainder of the 1930s, he begged off many a film role or broke commitments, ostensibly because of health problems, though, along with being finicky about roles, he was also such a conscientious actor that lack of confidence sometimes stymied his forward progress.

Hollywood usually had to shoot in England if it wanted him badly enough. And that was not a problem after the box office reception given The 39 Steps (1935), the big hit for Alfred Hitchcock. There was a hint of whimsy in Donat's face that worked especially well with the sophisticated comedic elements that crept into several of his dramatic roles. His portrayal of individualist Canadian Richard Hannay--which registered with North Americans both above and below the 49th parallel--in "Steps" was the first of such popular characters. Some of Hitch's famous on-the-set practical jokes ensued on the first day of shooting "Steps." The first scene was the escape on the moors from the master spy's henchmen by Donat and Madeleine Carroll handcuffed together. Donat and Carroll had not met before this, and Hitchcock handcuffed them together hours before filming so that they could get very well acquainted. He insisted he had misplaced the key when in fact he had slipped it to a studio security officer for safekeeping.

Hitchcock attempted to land Donat for three other roles, Sabotage (1936) and Secret Agent (1936) and Rebecca (1940), but illness, commitments, and more illness, respectively, supposedly kept Donat from accepting each. Hollywood would be treated in kind, for Donat was more dedicated to stage work. Hollywood did get him for The Citadel (1938), for which he was nominated for a Best Actor Oscar. He won the Oscar the next year for perhaps his best known role in Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939) (MGM's with Greer Garson). Since 1939 was one of the most competitive film years in Hollywood history, Donat's reward for his mild Mr. Chipping was something of a stunner. This was the year of Gone with the Wind (1939), and Clark Gable as Rhett Butler seemed a shoo-in for best actor. But there is something of a myth that since both pictures were from MGM and "Wind" had so many nominations (including best actor, actress, and picture), MGM head and strongman Louis B. Mayer used his weight to spread the wealth toward "Chips".

Unlike other British actors who came to work in America during World War II, Donat stayed in Britain. He did mostly theater but also some British films--only four--with one for Korda and one for Carol Reed. Only six more films were allotted Donat after the war and into the 1950s, all but one British productions. He starred, directed and co-wrote The Cure for Love (1949) and starred in The Magic Box (1951), a well-crafted and delightful (if a bit fictionalized) salute to the history of the British film industry. By 1955, all of Donat's acting efforts required a bottle of oxygen kept off stage and at the ready as his health continued to turn toward the worse. The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (1958), a Twentieth Century Fox production shot in the UK, was Donat's final film. His fragility was poignantly obvious on screen, and he died shortly after the film was finished. He received a posthumous Special Citation from the USA National Board of Review and was nominated for a Best Actor Golden Globe. It was a career for Robert Donat that should have gone on, yet it was filled with many notable screen memories just the same.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: William McPeak

He made his stage debut 1921 in Birmingham playing Lucius in Julius Caesar after which he joined Sir Frank Benson's company for 4 years followed by seasons at the Liverpool Playhouse, referring to those years as the happiest period of his life after elocution lessons had helped cure a stammer. However he was continually haunted by agonies of doubt and a debilitating propensity for indecision alongside severe bouts of chronic asthma. He left Liverpool for London where after appearing in a number of flops he found great success at the Embassy Theatre as Gideon Sarn in 'Precious Bane' resulting in film mogul Irving Thalberg offering him a Hollywood Contract wit a star part in 'Smilin' Through'. However he wasn't interested in Hollywood and stayed with the play which transferred to the St Martin's Theatre. His first film was 'Men of Tomorrow' with Emlyn Williams, who was also making his film debut in it and said he thought the script was a stinker but needed the money. Unfortunately that and Robert's next two films are considered to be lost meaning that the first to be in existence is 'The Private Life of Henry VIII' By that time he'd scored a great West End success in 'The Sleeping Clergyman'. which remained one of his favourite roles. He continually moved between plays such as 'Mary Read' with Flora Robson and Hollywood where he made such as 'The Thirty Nine Steps (1935), 'The Count of Monte Cristo' (1934) and 'Knight Without Armour' (1937). During the filming of the latter his asthma attacks worsened and Laurence Olivier was on standby to replace him if necessary. His theatre successes continued through the 40's with 'The Devil's Disciple', 'Heartbreak Hotel' 'An Ideal Husband' and 'The Cure For Love' which led to him writing, producing and directing the film of the play in 1945 co starring Renee Asherson who became his second wife in 1950. The move from play to film was also reflected in 'The Winslow Boy' in which film Robert excelled as the defence counsel which had been played on stage by Emlyn Williams. During his last years he was desperately ill and all his money was spent on treatment so that he was penniless when cast as the Chinese mandarin in the film 'Inn of the Sixth Happiness' (1958). His last words in the film were ' We shall not meet each other again, I think. Farewell'. He died of an asthma attack on June 9 1958 age 53.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Tonyman 5

Spouse (2)

Renée Asherson (4 May 1953 - 9 June 1958) ( his death)
Ella Annesley Voysey (6 August 1929 - 10 December 1946) ( divorced) ( 3 children)

Trivia (23)

His last words on screen are: "We shall not see each other again, I think". "Farewell, Jen-Ai". (Spoken to Ingrid Bergman's character Jen-Ai ("the one who loves people") in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (1958)). He passed away shortly after filming was completed.
He was originally scheduled to play the title role in Captain Blood (1935) but withdrew before shooting began, which created an opportunity for Errol Flynn to become a star. He was also offered the part of Robin Hood in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) but turned it down due to illness.
He did not feel comfortable with Hollywood, so Hollywood came to him, filming mostly in England.
Uncle of actor Peter Donat.
He was English born of Polish descent, and several of his brothers emigrated to Canada.
Favorite actor of British comedy legend Peter Sellers, who once said about Bob Donat: "I thought he was a god.".
He said that his favourite actors were Charles Chaplin, Paul Muni, Spencer Tracy, Greta Garbo and Deanna Durbin.
Great-uncle of Lucas Donat.
When he died in 1958, he left none of his $70,000 estate to wife, Renee Asherson. Instead his estate was divided among his three children, Joanna, John and Brian.
Father of 1 daughter, Joanna Donat (born 1931) and 2 sons, John Donat (born 1933) and Brian Donat (born 1936) with his first wife, Ella Annesley Voysey.
Lobbied for the role of the Chorus in Henry V (1944), but Leslie Banks was cast instead.
Campaigned to be cast against type as Bill Sikes in Oliver Twist (1948), but Robert Newton was cast in the part instead.
Was the favourite actor of Judy Garland, who wrote a fan letter to him after seeing his performance in The Count of Monte Cristo (1934).
He played Charles Edward "Mr. Chips" Chipping between the ages of 20 (in 1870) and 83 (in 1933) in Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939). Donat was 34 years old when he played this role.
Uncle of actor Richard Donat.
He was considered for Laurence Olivier's roles in Wuthering Heights (1939), Pride and Prejudice (1940) and Rebecca (1940).
His first wife Ella was remarried in 1956, becoming Ella Hall. She passed away in Sussex in the summer of 1994, aged 91.
Appears in three Oscar Best Picture nominees: The Private Life of Henry VIII. (1933), The Citadel (1938) and Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939).
Is an actor admired by Frank Langella.
For the last several years of his career, Robert Donat concentrated on the theatre more than film.
Detested being referred to as a "star.".
During theatre performances, the actor's asthma sometimes required the use of a mobile oxygen unit. This was kept somewhere in the wings, as and when Robert Donat required it.
Deliberately avoided becoming a mainstream success in Hollywood.

Personal Quotes (4)

I never had any real security in my life until I found the false security of stardom.
One of the reasons why so few actors are successful both on the stage and on the screen is that too many film actors look upon filming as a rather boring, well-paid job. Their performances in front of the camera, if also rather boring, are not quite so much of a joke.
The chief thing in my mind was that I must appear dashing. I distinctly remember in The Count of Monte Cristo (1934) pulling my shoulders back and trying to look handsome.
[on his role in Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939)] "As soon as I put the moustache on, I felt the part, even if I did look like a great airedale come out of a puddle."

Salary (1)

The Winslow Boy (1948) £20,000

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