In January 1848, the expedition's supplies are starting to run out. Now in charge of both Terror and Erebus, Fitzjames plans to abandon the ships and lead the men back to civilization on foot come spring. Blanky advises him to soften the blow of this news so Fitzjames organizes a carnival on the ice in order to boost their morale and reasoning that they have more food and drink than they will be able to carry. Goodsir begins feeding Sir John's pet Capuchin monkey in order to test a theory he has about the canned food and discerns that the poorly soldered cans are giving the men lead poisoning. He attempts to warn his superior Dr. Stephen Stanley who appears to brush the news off at first but reassures Goodsir that he will inform command and take care of it.
Did You Know?
Laudanum was a oral solution of about 25% ethyl alcohol and 10% powdered opium (equivalent of 1% morphine). It was extremely bitter, the alcohol was added as a sweetener. Laudanum contained almost all of the different alkaloids of opium, including the two most common which are codeine and morphine, Laudanum's high morphine concentration made it very potent and highly addictive. Laudanum has been used since the 1500's as a painkiller and cough suppressor, especially before the discovery of the method of extracting codeine and morphine from raw opium in the mid 1800's. Until the early 1900's Laudanum was available without a prescription but after the increasing number of Laudanum addicts and with soldiers coming back from World War I addicted to morphine and heroin (especially heroin) the government decided to make all opioids available by prescription only and pharmaceutical production of heroin was discontinued. Then in 1970 the Controlled Substances Act was passed which placed most opioids in the strictest category of controlled substances: heroin became a schedule I controlled substance (meaning it had no recognized medical uses and couldn't be prescribed) and potent opioids like raw opium, Laudanum and morphine were made schedule II controlled substances which are the most regulated medications that can be prescribed and are strictly monitored and cannot be refilled except with a new prescription each time. See more
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