(1895–1) France@

by behtash-usefi | created - 3 months ago | updated - 1 month ago | Public

Artists

1. Louis Lumière

Producer | La Mi-Carême, Char et batailles de confettis

Although no one will ever come up with a definitive answer as to who invented the cinema (probably because no one single person was responsible), Louis Lumière has one of the strongest claims to the title - for it was he (with his brother Auguste) who invented the cinematographe : a machine that ...

Producer (Director) (1895) Le maréchal-ferrant (1895) Exiting the Factory (1895) Bocal aux poissons-rouges (1895) Baby's Dinner (1895) The Sprinkler Sprinkled (1895) Barque sortant du port (1895-06-12) Départ en voiture (1896) The Arrival of a Train (1896) Arroseur et arrosé (1896) Panorama de l'arrivée à Aix-les-Bains pris du train (1896) Pont de Westminster (1896) Negro Street Dancers (1896) Bassin des Tuileries (1896) Partie de boules (1896) Bataille de femmes (1896) Débarquement (1896) Bains en mer (1896) Déchargement d'un navire (1896) Retour d'une promenade en mer (1896) Dresden, August-Brücke (1896) Saint-Pétersbourg, Rue Tverskaïa (1896) London Street Dancers (1896) Champs-Élysées (1896) Concours de boules (1896) Panorama du grand Canal pris d'un bateau (1896) Labourage (1896) Course en sacs (1896) Milan, place du Dôme (1896) Bal Espagnol dans la rue (Mexique) (1896) Pigeons sur la place Saint-Marc (1896) Broadway et Wall Street (1897) Rome, cortège au mariage du prince de Naples (1897) Bonne d'enfants et soldat (1897) Panorama pris du chemin de fer électrique, I (1897) Douche après le bain (1897) Les joueurs de cartes arrosés (1897) Paris, le Pont-Neuf (1897) Transport d'une tourelle par un attelage de 60 chevaux (1897) Entrée d'une noce à l'église (1897) Attelage d'un camion (1897) Menuisiers (1897) Liverpool, Church Street (1897) Leaving Jerusalem by Railway (1898) Passage d'un tunnel en chemin de fer (1899) La petite fille et son chat (1899) La Pelouse - Voitures et foules (1899) Turin: La duchesse d'Aoste à l'exposition (1900) La tour Eiffel (1903) The False Cripple

2. Auguste Lumière

Producer | L'arrivée d'un train à La Ciotat

Although it is his brother Louis Lumière who is generally acclaimed as the "father of the cinema", Auguste Lumiere also made a major contribution towards the development of the medium, first by helping with the invention and construction of the cinematographe (the world's first camera and ...

Producer (Director) (1895) Le maréchal-ferrant (1895) Exiting the Factory (1895) Bocal aux poissons-rouges (1895) Baby's Dinner (1895) The Sprinkler Sprinkled (1895) Départ en voiture (1896) The Arrival of a Train (1896) Arroseur et arrosé (1896) Panorama de l'arrivée à Aix-les-Bains pris du train (1896) Pont de Westminster (1896) Negro Street Dancers (1896) Bassin des Tuileries (1896) Partie de boules (1896) Bataille de femmes (1896) Débarquement (1896) Bains en mer (1896) Déchargement d'un navire (1896) Retour d'une promenade en mer (1896) Dresden, August-Brücke (1896) Saint-Pétersbourg, Rue Tverskaïa (1896) London Street Dancers (1896) Champs-Élysées (1896) Concours de boules (1896) Panorama du grand Canal pris d'un bateau (1896) Labourage (1896) Course en sacs (1896) Milan, place du Dôme (1896) Bal Espagnol dans la rue (Mexique) (1896) Pigeons sur la place Saint-Marc (1896) Broadway et Wall Street (1897) Rome, cortège au mariage du prince de Naples (1897) Bonne d'enfants et soldat (1897) Panorama pris du chemin de fer électrique, I (1897) Douche après le bain (1897) Les joueurs de cartes arrosés (1897) Paris, le Pont-Neuf (1897) Transport d'une tourelle par un attelage de 60 chevaux (1897) Entrée d'une noce à l'église (1897) Attelage d'un camion (1897) Menuisiers (1897) Liverpool, Church Street (1897) Leaving Jerusalem by Railway (1898) Passage d'un tunnel en chemin de fer (1899) La petite fille et son chat (1899) La Pelouse - Voitures et foules (1899) Turin: La duchesse d'Aoste à l'exposition (1900) La tour Eiffel (1903) The False Cripple

3. Léon Gaumont

Producer | The First Men in the Moon

Léon Gaumont was born on May 10, 1864 in Paris, France as Léon Ernest Gaumont. He was a producer, known for The First Men in the Moon (1919), Oscar au bain (1913) and Monte Cristo Up-to-Date (1914). He was married to Camille Maillard. He died on August 10, 1946 in Sainte-Maxime, Var, France.

Presenter 1895 - Gaumont Film Company (1906) Félix Mayol (1911) The Great East End Anarchist Battle

4. Alice Guy

Director | The Woman of Mystery

Generally considered to be the world's first female director, French-born Alice Guy entered the film business as a secretary at Gaumont-Paris in 1896. The next year Gaumont changed from manufacturing cameras to producing movies, and Guy became one of its first film directors. She impressed the the ...

Director (1896) La fée aux choux (1905) Valsons (1906) Questions indiscrètes (2017) Early Women Filmmakers (2018) Be Natural: The Untold Story of Alice Guy-Blaché

5. Charles Pathé

Producer | À la conquête du pôle

Charles Pathé was born on December 25, 1863 in Chevry-Cossigny, Seine-et-Marne, France as Charles Morand Pathé. He was a producer and director, known for The Conquest of the Pole (1912), Scène de laveuses (1896) and Arrivée d'un train (1896). He was married to Marie Foy. He died on ...

Presenter 1896 - Pathé (1906) Revolution in Russia (1908) The Runaway Horse (1908) A Narrow Escape (1919) J'accuse! (1923) The Wheel

6. Ferdinand Zecca

Director | La lutte pour la vie

Was a cafe concert entertainer before Charles Pathe noticed him during the Universal Exhibition, where Zecca had been assigned to Pathe's stand. After a few daysPathe asked Zecca if he would like to work in cinematography. Zecca immediately accepted the offer and rapidly became Pathe's right hand ...

Presenter 1896 - Pathé (Director) (1906) Revolution in Russia (1907) The Red Spectre

7. Georges Méliès

Director | À la conquête du pôle

Georges Méliès was a French illusionist and film director famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.

Méliès was an especially prolific innovator in the use of special effects, popularizing such techniques as substitution splices, multiple exposures, ...

Director (1898) A Trip to the Moon (1899) Cinderella (1900) The One-Man Band (1901) The Man with the Rubber Head (1902) The Terrible Eruption of Mount Pelee and Destruction of St. Pierre, Martinique (1902) The Coronation of King Edward VII (1903) The Music Lover (1904) The Voyage Across the Impossible (1905) Unexpected Fireworks (1906) Soap Bubbles (1952) Le grand Méliès

8. George Albert Smith

Director | Miss Ellen Terry, Afternoon Tea

Along with his better-known French counterpart Georges Méliès George Albert Smith was one of the first filmmakers to explore fictional and fantastic themes, often using surprisingly sophisticated special effects. His background was ideal--an established portrait photographer, he also had a ...

Cameraman (1902) The Coronation of King Edward VII

9. Eugène Lauste

Director | Drill of the Engineer Corps

Chief mechanical assistant to William K.L. Dickson, they invented the Kinetoscope, which their then-employer Thomas A. Edison publicly took credit for.

Inventor of Sound-on-Film 1904 (In England, UK)

10. Félix Mayol

Actor | Aux urnes, citoyens!

Félix Mayol (1872-1941) was a popular French singer of the Belle Epoque. Born in Toulon, he had modest debuts on the stages of Toulon and Marseille but became a success in Paris in 1895 as a singer performing in a campy, effeminate way. An anecdote published in his memoirs reports that for lack of ...

Singer (Actor) (1906) Questions indiscrètes

11. Segundo de Chomón

Director | Un portero modelo

Segundo de Chomón became involved in film through his wife, who was an actress in Pathé films. In 1902 he became a concessionary for Pathé in Barcelona, distributing its product in Spanish-speaking countries and managing a factory for the coloring of Pathé films. He began shooting footage of ...

Director (Cameraman, Special Effects) (1906) The Inexperienced Chauffeur (1907) Music, Forward! (1907) The Red Spectre (1927) Napoleon

12. Albert Dieudonné

Writer | Son crime

Albert Dieudonné was born on November 26, 1889 in Paris, France. He was an actor and writer, known for Son crime (1921), Gloire rouge (1923) and Sous la griffe (1917). He died on March 19, 1976 in Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine, France.

Actor (1908) The Assassination of the Duke de Guise (1927) Napoleon (1935) Napoléon Bonaparte (1995) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood (1995– ) The Music of Light

13. Camille Saint-Saëns

Soundtrack | Moonrise Kingdom

Composer chiefly remembered for his symphonic poems -the first of that genre to be written by a Frenchman- and for his opera 'Samson et Dalila'. Notable for his pioneering efforts on behalf of French music, he was also a gifted pianist and organist, and a writer of criticism, poetry, essays, and ...

Composer (1908) The Assassination of the Duke de Guise

14. Albert Capellani

Director | Oh Boy!

Albert Capellani was born on August 23, 1874 in Paris, France. He was a director and writer, known for Oh Boy! (1919), The Virtuous Model (1919) and Eye for Eye (1918). He died on September 26, 1931 in Paris.

Director (1908) Drink (1912) Les misérables (1913) Les Misérables, Part 1: Jean Valjean (1913) Les Misérables, Part 2: Fantine (1913) Germinal; or, The Toll of Labor

15. Émile Zola

Writer | Bakjwi

Émile Zola was born on April 2, 1840, in Paris, France. His father was an Italian engineer. Young Zola studied at the Collége Bourbon in Provence, where his schoolmate and friend was Paul Cezanne. In 1858 Zola returned to Paris and became a student at the Lycée Saint-Louis, from which he graduated ...

Writer (1908) Drink (1913) Germinal; or, The Toll of Labor (1920) Travail (1921) La terre (1926) Nana (1928) L'Argent (1930) Au bonheur des dames (1938) La Bête Humaine

16. Louis Feuillade

Director | Les vampires

A prolific director--over 700 films, most of them short- or medium-length--Louis Feuillade began his career with Gaumont where, as well as directing his own features, he was appointed artistic director in charge of production in 1907. His work was largely comprised of film series; his first series,...

Director (1909) The Blind Man of Jerusalem (1913) Fantômas: In the Shadow of the Guillotine (1915) Les vampires (1916) Judex (1918) Vendémiaire (1918) Tih Minh

17. Sarah Bernhardt

Actress | La dame aux camélias

This celebrated star of the French stage had a sporadic love-hate affair with early cinema. After her film debut in Le duel d'Hamlet (1900) she declared she detested the medium; yet she consented to appear in another film, La Tosca (1909). Upon seeing the results, she reportedly recoiled in horror,...

Actress (1912) Queen Elizabeth (1915) Those of Our Land

18. Max Linder

Actor | Seven Years Bad Luck

Although all too frequently neglected by fans of silent comedy, Max Linder is in many ways as important a figure as Charles Chaplin, Buster Keaton or Harold Lloyd, not least because he predated (and influenced) them all by several years and was largely responsible for the creation of the classic ...

Actor (Director) (1912) Entente cordiale (1913) Jealous Husband (1917) Max, the Heartbreaker

19. Victor Hugo

Writer | Les Misérables

Although Hugo was fascinated by poems from childhood on, he spent some time on the polytechnic university of Paris until he dedicated all his work to literature. He was one of the few authors who were allowed to reach popularity during lifetime and one of the leaders of French romance.

After the ...

Writer (1912) Les misérables (1913) Les Misérables, Part 1: Jean Valjean (1913) Les Misérables, Part 2: Fantine (1923) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1925) Barricade (Les Miserables Part II) (1928) The Man Who Laughs

20. Léonce Perret

Director | L'enfant de Paris

Léonce Perret was born on March 13, 1880 in Niort, Deux-Sèvres, France as Léonce Joseph Perret. He was a director and actor, known for L'enfant de Paris (1913), The A.B.C. of Love (1919) and Léonce et les écrevisses (1913). He was married to Valentine Petit. He died on August 12, 1935...

Director (Actor) (1913) Léonce cinématographiste (1913) L'enfant de Paris (1925) Madame Sans-Gêne (USA)

21. René Poyen

Actor | Pierrot, Pierrette

René Poyen was born on October 5, 1908 in Paris, France as René Georges Poyen. He was an actor, known for Pierrot, Pierrette (1924), Judex: Prologue + L'ombre mystérieuse (1917) and Judex (1916). He died on February 4, 1968 in Paris.

Actor (1913) Léonce cinématographiste (1915) Les vampires (1916) Judex

22. Jacques Feyder

Director | Pension Mimosas

Jacques Feyder was born on July 21, 1885 in Ixelles, Brabant, Belgium as Jacques Léon Louis Frédérix. He was a director and writer, known for Pension Mimosas (1935), Carnival in Flanders (1935) and Le grand jeu (1934). He was married to Françoise Rosay. He died on May 24, 1948 in Rive-de-Prangins, ...

Director (Actor) (1913) Protéa (1915) Les vampires (1922) Coster Bill of Paris (1925) Mother (Switzerland) (1935) Carnival in Flanders (Belgium)

23. Alfred Machin

Director | Les héritiers de l'oncle James

Alfred Machin started his film work as camera man for Pathe at the beginning of 20 Century. During 1907 and 1909 he was in Africa, shooting documentary shorts. In 1910 he worked at the Pathe studio in Nizza, in 1911 he was one of the founding directors of the Pathe-filiale in Amsterdam, in 1913 he ...

Director (Cameraman) (1914) War Is Hell (1918) Hearts of the World (England, UK | USA)

24. Germaine Rouer

Actress | Au bonheur des dames

Germaine Rouer was born on November 2, 1897 in Paris, France as Germaine Joséphine Rouer. She was an actress, known for Au bonheur des dames (1930), Roger la Honte (1933) and Les vampires (1915). She died on December 26, 1994 in Paris.

Actress (1915) Les vampires (1921) La terre (1930) Au bonheur des dames (1995) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood (1995– ) The Music of Light

25. Claude Monet

Art_department | Monet's Palate: A Gastronomic View from the Gardens of Giverny

Oscar-Claude Monet was born on November 14, 1840, in Paris, France. His father, named Adolphe Monet, was a grocer. His mother, named Louise-Justine Monet, was a singer. Young Monet grew up in Le Havre, Normandy. There he developed a reputation for the caricatures he loved to draw. He studied ...

Painter [1877] The Gare Saint-Lazare: Arrival of a Train (1915) Those of Our Land

26. Auguste Renoir

Self | Ceux de chez nous

Pierre-Auguste Renior was born on February 25, 1841, in Limoges, France. His father was a tailor and his mother was a dressmaker. In 1845 his family moved to Paris and settled near the Louvre Museum. There young Renoir had his first experience with art.

From age 13 he became an apprentice painter in...

Painter (1915) Those of Our Land

27. Julien Duvivier

Writer | Pépé le Moko

Revered by such legendary fellow directors as Ingmar Bergman and Jean Renoir, Julien Duvivier is one of the greatest figures in the history of French cinema and of world cinema in general. He is perhaps the most neglected of the "Big Five" of classic French cinema (the other four being Jean Renoir,...

Director (Assistant Director) (1918) Tih Minh (1921) La terre (1930) Au bonheur des dames (1932) Here's Berlin (Germany) (1935) La bandera (1937) Christine (1937) Pépé le Moko

28. Abel Gance

Writer | La dame aux camélias

Born an illegitimate son of a wealthy physician, Abel Flamant, and a working class mother, Francoise Perethon. He was raised by his mother and her boyfriend, who later became her husband, Adolphe Gance. Pressured by his parents, he began his working career as a lawyer's clerk in hopes of achieving ...

Director (Actor) (1919) J'accuse! (1923) The Wheel (1927) Napoleon (1928) The Fall of the House of Usher (1930) Autour de la fin du monde (1931) End of the World (1931) End of the World (1935) Napoléon Bonaparte (1938) I Accuse (1943) Captain Fracasse (1960) The Battle of Austerlitz (1972) Bonaparte et la révolution

29. Léonce-Henri Burel

Cinematographer | Journal d'un curé de campagne

Léonce-Henri Burel was born on November 23, 1892 in Indre, Loire-Atlantique, France as Léonce-Henry Burel. He is known for his work on Diary of a Country Priest (1951), Baroud (1932) and Mother (1925). He died on March 21, 1977 in Mougins, Alpes-Maritimes, France.

Cameraman (1919) J'accuse! (1921) La terre (1922) Coster Bill of Paris (1923) The Wheel (1925) Salammbo (1925) Mother (Switzerland) (1927) The Prince of Adventurers (1927) Napoleon (1935) Napoléon Bonaparte (1951) Diary of a Country Priest (1952) The Truth of Our Marriage (1956) A Man Escaped (1959) Pickpocket (1962) The Trial of Joan of Arc (1972) Bonaparte et la révolution

30. Séverin-Mars

Actor | La roue

Séverin-Mars was born on February 21, 1873 in Bordeaux, Gironde, France as Armand-Jean de Malafayde. He was an actor and director, known for The Wheel (1923), The Tenth Symphony (1918) and Macbeth (1915). He died on July 17, 1921 in Courgent, Yvelines, France.

Actor (1919) J'accuse! (1923) The Wheel

31. Henri Pouctal

Director | Travail

Henri Pouctal was born in 1856 in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, Seine-et-Marne, France. He was a director and actor, known for Travail (1920), Camille (1912) and L'instinct (1916). He died on February 3, 1922 in Paris, France.

Director (1920) Travail

32. Simone Genevois

Actress | La merveilleuse vie de Jeanne d'Arc

Simone Genevois was born on February 13, 1912 in Paris, Ile-de-France, France as Simone Rolande Marthe Genevois. She was an actress, known for Saint Joan the Maid (1929), Simone (1918) and Napoleon (1927). She was married to André Conti and Jacques Pathé. She died on December 16, 1995 in Ascona, ...

Actress (1920) Travail (1927) Napoleon (1929) Saint Joan the Maid

33. Marcel L'Herbier

Director | L'inhumaine

Marcel L'Herbier was born on April 23, 1888 in Paris, France. He was a director and writer, known for L'inhumaine (1924), Le bonheur (1934) and Sacrifice d'honneur (1935). He was married to Marcelle Pradot. He died on November 26, 1979 in Paris.

Director (1920) L'homme du large (1924) The Inhuman Woman (1926) The Living Dead Man (1928) L'Argent (1929) Autour de l'argent (1931) Le parfum de la dame en noir

34. Claude Autant-Lara

Director | Le diable au corps

Claude Autant-Lara was born on August 5, 1901 in Luzarches, Val-d'Oise, France as Claude Autant Larapide de Lisle. He was a director and writer, known for Devil in the Flesh (1947), The Red and the Black (1954) and Four Bags Full (1956). He was married to Ghislaine Autant-Lara. He died on February ...

Director (Assistant Director, Actor) (1920) L'homme du large (1924) The Inhuman Woman (1924) At 3:25 (1926) Nana (1930) Construire un feu (1946) Beauty and the Beast (1949) Occupe-toi d'Amélie..! (1952) The Seven Deadly Sins (1995) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood

35. Louis Delluc

Director | Fumée noire

Louis Delluc was born on October 14, 1890 in Le Buisson-de-Cadouin, Dordogne, France. He was a director and writer, known for Fumée noire (1920), The Woman from Nowhere (1922) and The Flood (1924). He was married to Ève Francis. He died on March 22, 1924 in Paris, France.

Critic (Director) (1921) Fièvre

36. André Antoine

Director | La terre

André Antoine was born on January 31, 1858 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France as Léonard-André Antoine. He was a director and writer, known for La terre (1921), Mademoiselle de La Seiglière (1921) and L'Hirondelle et la Mésange (1924). He died on October 19, 1943 in Le Pouliguen, ...

Director (Writer) (1921) La terre

37. Robert Mallet-Stevens

Art_department | L'inhumaine

Modernist architect, a street where are many of his buildings bears his name in Paris.

Architect (Set Decorator, Costume Designer) (1921) The Three Musketeers (1924) Miracle of the Wolves (1924) The Inhuman Woman (1927) The Chess Player

38. Jean Forest

Actor | Visages d'enfants

Jean Forest was born on September 25, 1912 in Paris, France. He was an actor, known for Mother (1925), Tovaritch (1935) and Mother of Mine (1926). He died on March 27, 1980.

Actor (1922) Coster Bill of Paris (1925) Mother (Switzerland)

39. Maurice de Féraudy

Soundtrack | La Môme

Maurice de Féraudy was born on December 3, 1859 in Joinville-le-Pont, Val-de-Marne, France as Dominique Marie Maurice de Féraudy. He was a director and actor, known for La Vie En Rose (2007), Coster Bill of Paris (1922) and Le cousin Pons (1924). He was married to Eugénie Lainé. He died on May 12, ...

Actor (1922) Coster Bill of Paris

40. Anatole France

Writer | Crainquebille

Anatole France, the 1921 Nobel laureate for literature, was born Jacques Anatole Thibault in Paris on April 16, 1844, the son of a Paris book dealer. He attended the Parisian boys' school Collège Stanislas, where he received a classical education, and later matriculated at the École des Chartes. ...

Writer (1922) Coster Bill of Paris

41. Ivy Close

Actress | Adam Bede

Ivy Close began a dynasty that has now covered four generations of the history of Cinema and Television. She married the photographer Elwin Neame (1885-1923) and reared two sons Ronald Neame (1911-2010), a successful cinematographer, screenwriter, producer and director and Derek Neame (1915-1979), ...

Actress (1923) The Wheel

42. Man Ray

Director | Home Movies

American painter and artist in various media who participated in a few films. He helped found the Dada movement and was the prime American participant in the Surrealist movement. An American expatriate to Paris in the 1920s, he was a member of the so-called "Lost Generation" of creative minds ...

Director (Cameraman, Assistant Director, Actor) (1923) Return to Reason (1924) Ballet mécanique (1924) Entr'acte (1926) Anemic Cinema

43. Jean Epstein

Director | La chute de la maison Usher

Jean Epstein was born on March 25, 1897 in Warsaw, Poland, Russian Empire. He was a director and writer, known for The Fall of the House of Usher (1928), Mauprat (1926) and The Three-Sided Mirror (1927). He died on April 2, 1953 in Paris, France.

Director (1923) The Faithful Heart (1924) La belle Nivernaise (1928) The Fall of the House of Usher (1929) Finis terrae (1934) Chanson d'Armor (1938) Les bâtisseurs (1947) Le tempestaire

44. Blanche Montel

Actress | Les trois mousquetaires

Blanche Montel was born on August 14, 1902 in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France as Rose Blanche Jeanne Montel. She was an actress, known for Three Musketeers (1932), La fille des chiffonniers (1922) and La belle Nivernaise (1924). She was married to Jean-Pierre Aumont and Henri Decoin. She died on ...

Actress (1924) La belle Nivernaise (1995) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood

45. Henry Roussel

Director | Violettes impériales

Henry Roussel was born in 1875 in Bayonne, France as Henri Rousselle. He was an actor and director, known for Her People (1924), Paris' Girls (1929) and Visages voilés... âmes closes (1921). He died in 1946 in Paris, France.

Director (1924) Her People

46. Jules Kruger

Cinematographer | End of the World

Jules Kruger was born on July 12, 1891 in Straßburg, Alsace, Germany. He was a cinematographer, known for End of the World (1931), Pépé le Moko (1937) and L'Argent (1928). He died on December 13, 1959 in Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine, France.

Cameraman (1924) Her People (1927) Napoleon (1928) L'Argent (1931) End of the World (1931) End of the World (1935) La bandera (1935) Napoléon Bonaparte (1937) Pépé le Moko (1972) Bonaparte et la révolution

47. Raquel Meller

Actress | Violettes impériales

Raquel Meller was born in Tarazona, Zaragoza, Aragón (Spain) from a very poor family. Since her parents could not afford her education she was sent to live with an aunt who was a nun at a convent. At age 12 she returned with her parents who were then residing in Barcelona and shortly after began ...

Actress (Singer) (1924) Her People

48. Alexandre Volkoff

Director | Amore imperiale

Alexandre Volkoff was born on December 27, 1885 in Moscow, Russian Empire. He was a director and writer, known for Amore imperiale (1941), La maison du mystère (1923) and The White Devil (1930). He died on May 22, 1942 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.

Director (Assistant Director) (1924) Edmund Kean: Prince Among Lovers (1927) The Prince of Adventurers (1927) Napoleon

49. Ivan Mozzhukhin

Actor | L'angoissante aventure

Ivan Mozzhukhin was a legendary actor of Russian silent films, who escaped execution by the Soviet Red Army and had a stellar career in Europe.

He was born Ivan Ilyich Mozzhukhin on September 26, 1889, in the village of Kondol, Saratov province, Russia (now Penza province, Russia). His father was ...

Actor (1924) Edmund Kean: Prince Among Lovers (1926) The Living Dead Man (1927) The Prince of Adventurers

50. Alexandre Kamenka

Producer | Les bas-fonds

Alexandre Kamenka was born on May 18, 1888 in Odessa, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire. He was a producer and production manager, known for The Lower Depths (1936), Le brasier ardent (1923) and Ce cochon de Morin (1924). He died on December 3, 1969 in Paris, France.

Producer (1924) Edmund Kean: Prince Among Lovers (1928) The Horse Ate the Hat (1931) À Nous la Liberté (1936) The Lower Depths

51. Fernand Léger

Art_department | L'inhumaine

Fernand Léger was born on February 4, 1881 in Argentan, Orne, France as Joseph Fernand Henri Léger. He was a director and actor, known for L'inhumaine (1924), Ballet mécanique (1924) and Dreams That Money Can Buy (1947). He was married to Nadia Leger and Jeanne-Augustine Lohy. He died on ...

Director (Assistant Director) (1924) Ballet mécanique (1924) The Inhuman Woman

52. Raymond Bernard

Director | Anne-Marie

Raymond Bernard was born on October 10, 1891 in Paris, France. He was a director and writer, known for Anne-Marie (1936), Goodbye Darling (1946) and The Little Cafe (1919). He was married to Jeanne Salley. He died on December 11, 1977 in Paris.

Director (1924) Miracle of the Wolves (1927) The Chess Player

53. Marie Glory

Actress | Monte Cristo

Marie Glory was born on March 3, 1905 in Mortagne-au-Perche, Orne, France as Raymonde Louise Marcelle Toully. She was an actress, known for Monte Cristo (1929), An Ideal Woman (1934) and ...And God Created Woman (1956). She died on January 24, 2009 in Cannes, Alpes-Maritimes, France.

Actress (1924) Miracle of the Wolves (1928) L'Argent (1929) Autour de l'argent (1956) ...And God Created Woman

54. Édith Jéhanne

Actress | Die Liebe der Jeanne Ney

Édith Jéhanne was born in 1902. She is an actress, known for The Love of Jeanne Ney (1927), Tarakanova (1930) and The Chess Player (1927).

Actress (1924) Miracle of the Wolves (1927) The Chess Player (1927) The Love of Jeanne Ney

Composer (1924) Miracle of the Wolves (1927) The Chess Player

56. René Clair

Writer | Le silence est d'or

René Clair was born on November 11, 1898 in Paris, France as René-Lucien Chomette. He was a writer and director, known for Man About Town (1947), The Grand Maneuver (1955) and Beauties of the Night (1952). He was married to Bronia Clair. He died on March 15, 1981 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, ...

Director (Writer) (1924) Entr'acte (1924) At 3:25 (1928) The Horse Ate the Hat (1930) Miss Europe (1931) Le Million (1931) À Nous la Liberté

57. Francis Picabia

Actor | Entr'acte

Francis Picabia, one of the founders of Dada movement who owned a massive collection of vintage cars and yachts, was known for his witty art, absurdist humour, and made innovative artworks that are now selling for as much as $1,600,000.

He was born François Marie Martinez Picabia on January 22, 1879...

Painter (Actor) (1924) Entr'acte

58. Erik Satie

Soundtrack | Mr. Nobody

Erik Satie was born on May 17, 1866 in Honfleur, Calvados, France as Erik Alfred Leslie-Satie. He died on July 5, 1925 in Arcueil, Seine [now Val-de-Marne], France.

Composer (1924) Entr'acte (1963) The Fire Within (1968) The Immortal Story

59. Alberto Cavalcanti

Director | O Canto do Mar

Born in Brazil in 1897, Alberto Cavalcanti began his film career in France in 1920, working as writer, art director and director. He directed the avant-garde documentary Nothing But Time (1926) ("Nothing but Time"), a portrait of the lives of Parisian workers in a single day. He moved to England in...

Director (Assistant Director, Art Director) (1924) The Inhuman Woman (1926) Nothing But Time (1926) The Living Dead Man

60. Gloria Swanson

Actress | Sunset Blvd.

Gloria Swanson went to public schools in Chicago; Key West, Florida; and San Juan, Puerto Rico. Her film debut was as an extra in The Fable of Elvira and Farina and the Meal Ticket (1915). From the following year on, she had leading roles in pictures for Keystone, then a year with Triangle, and, in...

Actress (1925) Madame Sans-Gêne (USA)

61. Henri de la Falaise

Director | Legong: Dance of the Virgins

Henri de la Falaise was a French aristocrat brought to America after meeting and falling in love with Gloria Swanson while working as her interpreter on Madame Sans-Gêne (1925). A World War I veteran of the French army, a few years prior to his work on the film he had been awarded the Croix ...

Director (Translator) (1925) Madame Sans-Gêne (USA)

62. Henri Fescourt

Director | Les misérables

Henri Fescourt was born on November 23, 1880 in Béziers, Hérault, France as Marcellin Henri Fescourt. He was a director and writer, known for Barricade (Les Miserables Part II) (1925), Mathias Sandorf (1921) and Monte Cristo (1929). He died on August 9, 1966 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, ...

Director (1925) Barricade (Les Miserables Part II)

63. Jean Renoir

Writer | La règle du jeu

Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he ...

Director (Actor) (1926) Nana (1931) Baby's Laxative (1931) La Chienne (1932) Night at the Crossroads (1932) Boudu Saved from Drowning (1935) Toni (1936) The Lower Depths (1936) The Crime of Monsieur Lange (1937) La Grande Illusion (1938) La Marseillaise (1938) La Bête Humaine (1939) The Rules of the Game (1946) A Day in the Country (1950) The Ways of Love (1951) The River (USA | India) (1952) The Golden Coach (1955) French Cancan (1959) Experiment in Evil (1959) Picnic on the Grass (1968) Louis Lumière

64. Catherine Hessling

Actress | Nana

Catherine Hessling was born on June 22, 1900 in Moronvilliers, Marne, France as Andrée Madeleine Heuschling Hessling. She was an actress, known for Nana (1926), Little Red Riding Hood (1930) and Whirlpool of Fate (1925). She was married to Jean Renoir. She died on September 28, 1979 in ...

Actress (Model) (1926) Nana

65. Alexandre Koubitzky

Actor | Napoléon Bonaparte

Alexandre Koubitzky was an actor, known for Napoléon Bonaparte (1935) and Napoleon (1927). He died on January 13, 1937 in Moscow, USSR.

Singer (Actor) (1927) Napoleon (1935) Napoléon Bonaparte

66. Acho Chakatouny

Actor | Michel Strogoff

Acho Chakatouny was born in 1895 in Russia. He is known for his work on Michel Strogoff (1926), L'Atalante (1934) and Andranik (1929). He died on April 4, 1957 in Paris, France.

Actor (1927) Napoleon (1934) L'Atalante (1935) Napoléon Bonaparte

67. Annabella

Actress | 13 Rue Madeleine

At age 16, Annabella was chosen by Abel Gance to appear in Napoleon (1927). In the 30s, she became a star of French movies. She made movies in numerous other countries, before being called to Hollywood in 1938, where she met and married Tyrone Power. She remained in the USA until 1947. Then she ...

Actress (1927) Napoleon (1931) Le Million (1935) La bandera (1935) Napoléon Bonaparte (1938) Hotel du Nord (1995) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood

68. Harry Krimer

Actor | Napoléon Bonaparte

Harry Krimer was born on March 10, 1896 in Paris, France as Félix Désiré Rosenthal. He was an actor, known for Napoléon Bonaparte (1935), Napoleon (1927) and Les vagabonds magnifiques (1931). He died on January 4, 1991 in Saint-Josse-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais, France.

Actor (1927) Napoleon (1935) Napoléon Bonaparte (1995) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood (1995– ) The Music of Light

69. Simon Feldman

Fantômas

Simon Feldman was born on July 15, 1890 in Odessa, Ukraine. He is known for his work on Fantômas (1932), Napoleon (1927) and Die heiratsfähige Puppe (1925). He died on November 6, 1992 in Cannes, Alpes-Maritimes, France.

Technical Director (1927) Napoleon (1995) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood (1995– ) The Music of Light

70. Viktor Tourjansky

Director | Hôtel des étudiants

Viktor Tourjansky was a Russian film director who emigrated after the communist revolution of 1917, and worked in France, Germany, USA, UK, and Italy.

He was born Viacheslav Konstantinovich Turzhanski on March 4, 1891, in Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire (now Kiyiv, Ukraine). Studied painting and art ...

Assistant Director (Director) (1927) Napoleon

71. Jean Dréville

Director | Kampen om tungtvannet

The great neglected independent film-maker Jean Dreville had no formal education - he was educated privately at home. He showed an early interest in photography and art and his first jobs were as photographer, poster designer and draftsman. His break into films came in 1928 when he made his first ...

Director (Actor) (1927) Napoleon (1928) The Passion of Joan of Arc (1929) Autour de l'argent (1952) The Seven Deadly Sins (1995) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood (1995– ) The Music of Light

72. Pierre Blanchar

Actor | Crime et châtiment

Pierre Blanchar was born on June 30, 1892 in Philippeville, Constantine, France as Gustave Pierre Blanchard. He was an actor and director, known for Crime and Punishment (1935), Feu Mathias Pascal (1937) and Christine (1937). He was married to Marte d'Lagrange. He died on November 21, 1963 in ...

Actor (1927) The Chess Player (1933) Zero for Conduct (1937) Christine (1946) Pastoral Symphony

73. Germaine Dulac

Director | La souriante Madame Beudet

The daughter of a cavalry captain, she was raised by a grandmother in Paris, where she studied various forms of art with an emphasis on music and the opera. In 1905 she married engineer-novelist Marie-Louis Albert-Dulac and under his influence veered toward journalism. As one of the leading radical...

Director (1928) The Seashell and the Clergyman (1929) Arabesque

74. Carl Theodor Dreyer

Writer | La passion de Jeanne d'Arc

The illegitimate son of a Danish farmer and his Swedish housekeeper, Carl Theodor Dreyer was born in Copenhagen on the 3th of February, 1889. He spent his early years in various foster homes before being adopted by the Dreyers at the age of two. Contrary to popular belief (perhaps nourished by the ...

Director (Writer) (1928) The Passion of Joan of Arc (1932) Vampyr

75. Maria Falconetti

Actress | La passion de Jeanne d'Arc

Renée Jeanne or Maria Falconetti, born in Pantin (not in Sermano, Corsica, as many film dictionaries wrongly attest) on July 21, 1892 and died in Buenos Aires on December 12, 1946, is a French actress of theater and cinema. Joining the troupe of the Odeon theater in 1916, she made her debut in "...

Actress (1928) The Passion of Joan of Arc

76. Hermann Warm

Production_designer | Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari

Art director and painter, trained in stage design in Düsseldorf and at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Berlin. Hermann Warm was an important figure in the German expressionist cinema of the 1920's and early 30's. He was instrumental in changing traditional concepts of using painted backdrops in favour of...

Set Designer (1928) The Passion of Joan of Arc (1932) Vampyr

77. Luis Buñuel

Writer | Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie

The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the ...

Director (Assistant Director, Writer) (1928) The Fall of the House of Usher (1929) Un Chien Andalou (1930) L'Age d'Or (1956) That Is the Dawn (1967) Belle de Jour (1969) The Milky Way (1972) The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1974) The Phantom of Liberty (1977) That Obscure Object of Desire

78. Pierre Alcover

Actor | Liliom

It was not obvious from the start that Pierre Alcover, a hefty John Blunt, would become a stage and movie actor. In fact he seems to be one of his kind for they are few those who made the transition from warehouseman at Les Halles (Paris' traditional central market) to winner of a first prize at ...

Actor (1928) L'Argent (1929) Autour de l'argent (1931) Le Million (1937) Christine

79. Brigitte Helm

Actress | Metropolis

After her role in Metropolis (1927) she made a string of movies in which she almost always had the starring role, easily making the transition to sound films. Her last film was An Ideal Spouse (1935) (An Ideal Spouse) in 1935.

Actress (1928) L'Argent (1929) Autour de l'argent

80. Charles A. Lindbergh

Writer | The Spirit of St. Louis

Charles A. Lindbergh was born on February 4, 1902 in Detroit, Michigan, USA as Charles Augustus Lindbergh. He is known for his work on The Spirit of St. Louis (1957), Charles A. Lindbergh (1927) and 40,000 Miles with Lindbergh (1928). He was married to Anne Morrow Lindbergh. He died on August 26, ...

Aviator 1927 Nonstop Flight Across the Atlantic (1928) L'Argent

81. Salvador Dalí

Art_department | Spellbound

Surrealist-turned-catholic painter Dalí worked on various movies as well. While a member of the French surrealist group, he co-wrote Un Chien Andalou (1929) and L'Age d'Or (1930) with Luis Buñuel. The latter may have marked the beginning of a long-lasting quarrel with the surrealists when Dalí did ...

Painter (1929) Un Chien Andalou (1930) L'Age d'Or

82. Marco de Gastyne

Director | Douchka

Brother of production designer Guy de Gastyne.

Director (1929) Saint Joan the Maid

83. Jean Vigo

Writer | Zéro de conduite: Jeunes diables au collège

Jean Vigo had bad health since he was a child. Son of anarchist militant Miguel Almareyda, he also never really recovered from his father's mysterious death in jail when he was 12. Abandoned by his mother, he passed from boarding school to boarding school. Aged 23, through meetings with people ...

Director (1930) À Propos de Nice (1933) Zero for Conduct (1934) L'Atalante

84. Boris Kaufman

Cinematographer | On the Waterfront

Boris Kaufman, the Oscar-winning cinematographer who shot Jean Vigo's oeuvre and helped introduce a neo-realistic style into American films, was born on August 24, 1897, in Bialystok, Poland, then part of the Russian Empire. The youngest son of librarians, the Soviet directors Denis Kaufman (a.k.a. ...

Cameraman (1930) À Propos de Nice (1933) Zero for Conduct (1934) L'Atalante

85. Jean Cocteau

Writer | La belle et la bête

Jean Cocteau was one of the most multi-talented artists of the 20th century. In addition to being a director, he was a poet, novelist, painter, playwright, set designer, and actor. He began writing at 10 and was a published poet by age 16. He collaborated with the "Russian Ballet" company of Sergei...

Director (Poet, Writer, Actor) (1930) The Blood of a Poet (1945) Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (1946) Beauty and the Beast (1950) Orpheus (1951) Venom and Eternity (1954) Bonnes vacances (1960) Testament of Orpheus (1988) Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown

86. Dita Parlo

Actress | La grande illusion

Dita Parlo was born on September 4, 1908 in Stettin, Pomerania, Germany as Grethe Gerda Kornstädt. She was an actress, known for Grand Illusion (1937), Melody of the Heart (1929) and Tropennächte (1931). She was married to Frank Guetal. She died on December 12, 1971 in Paris, France.

Actress (1930) Au bonheur des dames (1934) L'Atalante (1937) La Grande Illusion (1950) Justice Is Done

87. Augusto Genina

Director | Cielo sulla palude

Augusto Genina was born on January 28, 1892 in Rome, Lazio, Italy. He was a director and writer, known for Heaven Over the Marshes (1949), Bengasi (1942) and The Siege of the Alcazar (1940). He was married to Carmen Boni. He died on September 18, 1957 in Rome.

Director (1930) Miss Europe

88. Georg Wilhelm Pabst

Director | Komödianten

Georg Wilhelm Pabst is considered by many to be the greatest director of German cinema, in his era. He was especially appreciated by actors and actresses for the humane way in which he treated them. This was in contrast to some of his contemporaries, such as Arnold Fanck, who have been ...

Writer (1930) Miss Europe (1931) Comradeship (Germany)

89. Louise Brooks

Actress | Die Büchse der Pandora

Mary Louise Brooks, also known by her childhood name of Brooksie, was born in the midwestern town of Cherryvale, Kansas, on November 14, 1906. She began dancing at an early age with the Denishawn Dancers (which was how she left Kansas and went to New York) and then with George White's Scandals ...

Actress (1930) Miss Europe

90. Ewald André Dupont

Writer | Varieté

German film director E.A. Dupont was an influential critic and newspaper columnist before breaking into the film industry. He wrote several screenplays and worked as a story editor for Richard Oswald before turning to directing in 1917. Over the next eight years Dupont became a respected exponent ...

Director (1930) Atlantis (England, UK)

91. Charles Rosher

Cinematographer | Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans

Among the foremost technical innovators in his field, a charter member of the American Society of Cinematographers, English-born Charles Rosher had initially aimed for a diplomatic career. Fortunately, he chose a different career option and attended lessons in photography at the London Polytechnic ...

Cameraman (1930) Atlantis (England, UK)

92. Claude Heymann

Writer | Adieu Paris

Claude Heymann was born on November 13, 1907 in Paris, France. He was a writer and assistant director, known for Adieu Paris (1952), Victor (1951) and The Beautiful Image (1951). He died on April 13, 1994 in Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France.

Writer (Assistant Director, Art Director, Actor) (1930) L'Age d'Or (1931) La Chienne (1946) A Day in the Country (1960) Shoot the Piano Player (1995) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood

93. Alexandre Trauner

Art_director | The Apartment

Hungarian-born Alexandre Trauner came to Paris in 1929 to escape the anti-semitic Horty regime in his native country, and to paint. Instead, he became involved in the film industry as an assistant to the famous art director Lazare Meerson. Influenced by cubism and impressionism, he embraced the ...

Set Designer (Art Director) (1930) L'Age d'Or (1935) Carnival in Flanders (1938) Hotel du Nord (1938) Port of Shadows (1939) Le Jour Se Leve (1943) Carnaval zonder masker (1945) Children of Paradise (1952) The Seven Deadly Sins (1955) Rififi (1985) Subway

94. Jacques Prévert

Writer | Les enfants du paradis

Jacques Prévert was born on February 4, 1900 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Seine [now Hauts-de-Seine], France as Jacques André Marie Prévert. He was a writer, known for Children of Paradise (1945), Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil (1997) and High Crimes (2002). He was married to Janine Tricotet and ...

Writer (Actor) (1930) L'Age d'Or (1934) L'Atalante (1936) The Crime of Monsieur Lange (1938) Port of Shadows (1939) Le Jour Se Leve (1943) Carnaval zonder masker (1945) Children of Paradise

95. Henri Chretien

Nouveaux horizons

A French inventor, Professor Henri Chretien developed the anamorphic wide-screen process that resulted in CinemaScope. Although similar systems had been patented earlier, Chretien developed his during World War I for use in tank periscopes. In the 1920s he applied it to film in Construire un feu (...

Inventor of Hypergonar (Anamorphic Widescreen) (1930) Construire un feu

96. Jack London

Writer | The Ballad of Buster Scruggs

Jack London was the best-selling, highest paid and most popular American author of his time.

He was born John Griffith Chaney, on January 12, 1876, in San Francisco. He was raised by his mother Flora Wellman and his stepfather John London (he didn't know who his father was until his adulthood). ...

Writer (1930) Construire un feu

97. Vanda Gréville

Actress | Le bal

Vanda Gréville was born on January 10, 1908 in Kensington, London, England as Wanda MacEwan. She was an actress, known for Le bal (1931), Der Ball (1931) and A Gentleman of Paris (1931). She was married to Edmond T. Gréville. She died on December 26, 1997 in Westgate-on-Sea, Kent, England.

Actress (1931) End of the World (1931) Le Million

98. Georges Feydeau

Writer | The Girl from Maxim's

Father of writer 'Jean-Pierre Feydeau'.

Writer (1931) Baby's Laxative (1949) Occupe-toi d'Amélie..!

99. Lilian Harvey

Actress | Die Drei von der Tankstelle

Lilian Harvey was born on January 19th, 1906 in London. Her mother was English and her father was German. When she was eight her family moved to Berlin shortly before the outbreak of WW1. She spent much of the war at school in Switzerland where she broadened her knowledge of languages and classical...

Actress (1931) Le congrès s'amuse (Germany)

100. René Fauchois

Actor | Remontons les Champs-Élysées

René Fauchois was born on August 31, 1882 in Rouen, France as René Charles André Fauchois. He was a writer and actor, known for Let's Go Up the Champs-Élysées (1938), Mlle. Desiree (1942) and The Monkey Talks (1927). He was married to Camille Jourlait, Lucie Caffaret and Odette Lévi. ...

Actor (1932) Boudu Saved from Drowning



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